Joseph Davidovits - Egyptian Building Techniques, The Israel Stele & Amenhotep, son of Hapu
April 17, 2011
In the second hour with Joseph Davidovits we'll continue talking about agglomerated stone and lime stone concrete and discuss if other temples and monuments have been built using the same technique. Then, we discuss the "Merneptah Stele", - also known as the Israel Stele or Victory Stele of Merneptah - is an inscription by the Ancient Egyptian king Merneptah (reign:1213 to 1203 BC), which appears on the reverse side of a granite stele erected by the king Amenhotep III. It was discovered by Flinders Petrie in 1896 at Thebes. The stele has gained much fame and notoriety for being the only Ancient Egyptian document generally accepted as mentioning "Isrir" or "Israel". It is the earliest known attestation of the demonym Israel. Joseph has found evidence of an error or possibly an attempt at forgery by the original translator of the steel, Flinders Petri. Later, we discuss the Bible, Joseph son of Jacob and more on Amenhotep, son of Hapu. Topics Discussed: two parts of Egypt, the old kingdom, upper and lower Egypt, Amun, agglomerated stone, Memphis, Karnak, Luxor, Dendera, white crown, red crown, Syria, the "Israel stele", 1896, Flinders Petri, Isrir, hieroglyphs, forgery by Petrie, Hittites, Amarna, exodus, exile, Joseph son of Jacob is Amenhophis, Bible and fresco comparison, Zaphnath-Paaneah, backward S, Hebrew, father of Akhenaton and Genesis.