Did the Ancient Celts Perform Human Sacrifice?
2013 08 06

By Emma Oxenby Wohlfart | Suite101

The evidence for human sacrifice among the ancient Celts is two-sided. Whereas ritual killings in Gaul are uncertain, Britain was the home of some gruesome scenes.

Many Roman writers, from Caesar to Saint Augustine, have written in horror about the Celts and their custom of human sacrifice. The problem today is with proving or disproving them. Some would like to dismiss these writings as propaganda, which it to some extent it was, others readily take their word. The archaeological evidence, unfortunately, divides rather than unifies opinion.

Human Remains in a Celtic Ritual Context from Gaul

In France, numerous sanctuaries from the Celtic period have been excavated and several have been found to contain human remains. The existence of and particularly the mutilation of such human remains – some have been found headless, others have been found bodiless – has often been taken as evidence of human sacrifice.

There are some problems with this approach. It is true that the human remains at these Gallic sanctuaries are probably cultic in nature. They do not resemble the remains found in either graves or dwellings, but that does not necessarily mean that a ritual killing took place. Animals sacrificed at these cult sites generally show signs of violent death and many met their death through decapitation. This is simply not the case with the human remains.

As of yet, no human remains have been found within a Gallic sanctuary that clearly indicate a violent death. In the case of singular skulls or headless bodies, decapitation appears to have taken place after death and one cannot be certain that these humans were alive, or even intact, when they arrived at the sanctuary.

This raises a difficult question concerning the written sources, which suggest a wide variety of violent deaths: hanging, burning, drowning, garrotting, stabbing, and being torn to pieces by brute force.Where are all of these victims of violent sacrifice?

Possible Violently Sacrificed Victims in a Burial Context

A practice mentioned by Julius Caesar, which can also be seen in the archaeological evidence, might shed some light on the issue. From very earliest days of Celtic culture, it sometimes occurred that when a man died his wife or entire family was killed in order to accompany him death. Although it can sometimes be uncertain whether a violent death is a murder or a grief-induced suicide, in many cases the signs point towards murder.

The setting of the act, however, introduces a problem of definition: was a burial-site a sufficiently cultic site that the Celts themselves would have seen this as an act of sacrifice? If so, for whom was the sacrifice made? If, as is commonly theorised, a woman is murdered in order to be by her husband’s side in the underworld, is it truly a sacrifice? The corpses are not yet giving any answers.

Violent Ritual Killings in British Waters and Beyond

The situation in Britain is different. The British Isles share a pattern with Northern Europe of apparent violent ritual killings. Though not found in the context of a cult centre, bodies have been found in places of spiritual importance such as wetlands, which can be viewed as symbolic or even physical entrances into the underworld. One particularly famous victim was found in 1984 in the Lindow Bog.

The Lindow Man, or Lindow II, was in his twenties when he died. Based on his level of health and grooming, it is assumed that he was of noble birth. After ingesting a mistletoe concoction, which might have sedated him, he received a serious blow to the head, was strangled, and had his jugular severed with a blade. Afterwards, he was deposited in water.

[...]

Read the full article at: suite101.com






"The man met a horrific death. He was struck on the top of his head twice with a heavy object, perhaps a narrow bladed axe. He also received a vicious blow in the back – perhaps from someone’s knee – which broke one of his ribs. He had a thin cord tied around his neck which may have been used to strangle him and break his neck. By now he was dead, but then his throat was cut. Finally, he was placed face down in a pool in the bog. This elaborate sequence of events suggests that his death may have been ritual killing. Some people have argued that he was the victim of a human sacrifice possibly carried out by Druids.

Lindow Man’s official name is Lindow II, since other human remains have also been found in Lindow Moss bog: a human skull, known as Lindow I, a fragmented headless body (Lindow III) and the upper thigh of an adult male (Lindow IV) which as it was found close to Lindow Man may be the remains of his missing leg." Source: The British Museum



A wicker man was a large wicker statue of a human allegedly used by the ancient Druids (priests of Celtic paganism) for human sacrifice by burning it in effigy, according to Julius Caesar in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico (Commentary on the Gallic War). Source: Wikipedia





Tune into Red Ice Radio:

Graham Hancock - Hour 1 - War God & Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire

Alan Wilson & Baram Blackett - British and Welsh History, the Ancient Coelbren & the Khumry

Lucy Wyatt - Hour 1 - The Bronze Age City Builders

Hugh Newman - The Olmecs & Megalithic Cultures

Joseph Farrell - The Grid of the Gods Continued

Cort Lindahl - Geomantic Information Systems Part Two - Vatican Alignments & College of William and Mary

William H. Kennedy - Satanism, Ritual Abuse & Pedophilia in the Roman Catholic Church




Related Articles
Are Missing Dogs In Idaho Being Used For Ritualistic Killings?
Teotihuacans used cosmetics as part of after-death ritual
Mayas complain of government banning rituals at archaeological sites
More than 100 graves robbed in Benin for voodoo rituals
Skulls From Sacrificial Rituals Found in Temple
Inca children given alcohol and cocaine before sacrificed
Mummified women, human sacrifices discovered in ancient Peruvian tomb
Rapper Attempts To Sacrifice Friend To Join The Illuminati
Trove of Ancient Skulls Found in Mexico: Mass Sacrifice?
The Practice of Human Sacrifice
Druids Committed Human Sacrifice, Cannibalism?


Latest News from our Front Page

Starbucks Supports Pro-GMO Company
2014 11 26
Another reason why you should not go to Starbucks. Starbucks has an image of being a socially responsible, environmentally friendly company (Really?). In 2013, 95 percent of their coffee was ethically sourced, and their goal is to reach 100 percent by 2015.1 Other goals include reducing water consumption by 25 percent in their company-operated stores by 20152 and mobilizing their employees and ...
Group Polarization and the Fad of Ethno-masochism
2014 11 26
From "Group polarization: A critical review and meta-analysis". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 6 50 (6): 1141--1151 The psychology of White self hatred. Political correctness IS a mental disorder. More: Group polarization: A critical review and meta-analysis. Isenberg, Daniel J. the paper Indoctrinate U Harvard Professor Noel Ignatiev talks about how to end the White race The History of Political Correctness The Narrative: The origins of Political ...
Credo: A Nietzschean Testament by Jonathan Bowden
2014 11 26
This lecture by Jonathan Bowden was given at the 11th New Right meeting in London on September 8, 2007. The original title of the presentation was “The Art and Philosophy of Jonathan Bowden.” I think ideas are inborn, and you’re attracted, if you have any, toward certain systems of thinking and sensibility and response. From a very young age, I was ...
A Look Back at the OJ Simpson Verdict -- Reactions
2014 11 26
This is a look back at the different reactions to the OJ Simpson verdict some 20 years ago (exact date of verdict was Oct 3, 1995). The OJ Simpson jury consisted of 9 Blacks, 1 Hispanic, and 2 Whites. It would raise eyebrows after they only deliberated for 4 hours in a case that they were involved in for almost ...
New York Times Publishes Darren Wilson’s Street Address and Photo of House #Ferguson
2014 11 26
Hey here are the two @nytimes scumbags that published Wilson’s home address. —> @juliebosman & @campbellnyt— Ben Howe (@BenHowe) November 25, 2014 Michael Brown’s Stepdad Shouting ‘Burn This Bitch Down’ The New York Times published information about the address of Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson on Monday in a move that has generated controversy. Tensions are running high in Ferguson, Missouri, as ...
More News »