Sunken Treasure: Egyptian Artifact Find Is Largest Nautical Collection From the Ancient World
2013-04-05 0:00

From: PastHorizon



Research sheds light on ancient Egyptian port and ship graveyard

New research into Thonis-Heracleion, a sunken port-city that served as the gateway to Egypt in the first millennium BC, was examined at a recent international conference at the University of Oxford. The port city, situated 6.5 kilometres off today’s coastline, was one of the biggest commercial hubs in the Mediterranean before the founding of Alexandria.

The Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University of Oxford is collaborating on the project with the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology (IEASM) in cooperation with Egypt’s Ministry of State for Antiquities.

Port of entry

This obligatory port of entry, known as ‘Thonis’ by the Egyptians and ‘Heracleion’ by the Greeks, was where seagoing ships are thought to have unloaded their cargoes to have them assessed by temple officials and taxes extracted before transferring them to Egyptian ships that went upriver. In the ports of the city, divers and researchers are currently examining 64 Egyptian ships, dating between the eighth and second centuries BC, many of which appear to have been deliberately sunk. Researchers say the ships were found beautifully preserved, in the mud of the sea-bed. With 700 examples of different types of ancient anchor, the researchers believe this represents the largest nautical collection from the ancient world.


“The survey has revealed an enormous submerged landscape with the remains of at least two major ancient settlements within a part of the Nile delta that was criss-crossed with natural and artificial waterways,” said Dr Damian Robinson, Director of the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University of Oxford. Dr Robinson, who is overseeing the excavation of one of the submerged ships known as Ship 43, has discovered that the Egyptians had a unique shipbuilding style. He is also examining why the boats appear to have been deliberately sunk close to the port.

Several ship graveyards

“One of the key questions is why several ship graveyards were created about one mile from the mouth of the River Nile. Ship 43 appears to be part of a large cluster of at least ten other vessels in a large ship graveyard,” explained Dr Robinson. “This might not have been simple abandonment, but a means of blocking enemy ships from gaining entrance to the port-city. Seductive as this interpretation is, however, we must also consider whether these boats were sunk simply to use them for land reclamation purposes.”

Maritime trade in the ancient world

The port and its harbour basins also contain a collection of customs decrees, trading weights, and evidence of coin production. The material culture, for example, coin weights, was also discussed at the conference, placing this into the wider narrative of how maritime trade worked in the ancient world.

[...]

Read the full article at: pasthorizonspr.com




Related Articles
Sunken continent discovered at the bottom of the Indian Ocean
Drought in Poland reveals 400-year-old sunken treasures
U.S. drought reveals famous sunken ship
Surprising Sunken Islands Discovered Near Australia
Divers Explore Sunken Ruins Of Cleopatra’s Palace
Return to Antikythera: Divers revisit wreck where ancient computer found
Antikythera treasures: richest haul of objects ever found from the ancient world
The Forgotten Underworld of Japan - Mysterious Underwater Ruins
Red Ice Radio: Peter Lindberg - The Mysterious Baltic Sea Object
Osiris Shaft Tomb - Underwater - Underground Tunnels
Stone ships show signs of maritime network in Baltic Sea region 3,000 years ago
Whitley Strieber says object found in Baltic Sea may be older than Gobekli Tepe


Latest News from our Front Page

Resident of Calais speaks. This is the death of civilization.
2016-02-10 21:46
Youtube description: Heart breaking description of how a government can destroy a city and a people. If ever there was an example of why a free people need a 1st and 2nd amendment style protection, this is it. Please watch it all. The original comes from here http://ripostelaique.com/le-temoignag... one of the most important websites in Europe. Source: youtube.com
Learning how white people ruin the world
2016-02-10 20:41
A conservative black activist warns that "white guilt" has found its way from our college campuses into the halls of the local high school.  Derryck Green of Project 21 says he's troubled by the "White Privilege Conference" coming in April in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The website for "The WPC" states that it purpose is to examine "privilege and oppression" in order to create ...
Controversial film shown at VA high school slammed as 'White guilt' video
2016-02-10 20:11
Some Henrico parents are outraged about a controversial video shown at Glen Allen High School. It tackles things like racial profiling and the school to prison to pipeline. The YouTube video titled "Structural Discrimination: The Unequal Opportunity Race," was shown to students at a Glen Allen High School Black History month program. "Dr. King gave his life so that America would ...
Turkey's Erdogan threatened to flood Europe with migrants: Greek website
2016-02-09 23:04
Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan threatened in November to flood Europe with migrants if European Union leaders did not offer him a better deal to help manage the Middle East refugee crisis, a Greek news website said on Monday. Publishing what it said were minutes of a tense meeting last November, the euro2day.gr financial news website revealed deep mutual irritation and distrust ...
Will Denmark Be The First Islamic Nation In Europe?
2016-02-09 23:44
Daily headlines prove that Europe is bursting at the seams with Islamists attempting to establish Sharia law and homegrown terror plots. France is ablaze with radicals, ISIS threatens they will send Spain back to the times of the Ottoman Empire, and Britain is much too concerned with appeasing Muslims that they are doing away with their own citizens’ free speech. The ...
More News »