That’s a Big One! Black hole is most massive known
2011 01 12
By Andrea Thompson | MSNBC.msn.com
The most massive black hole yet weighed lurks at the heart of the relatively nearby giant galaxy M87.
The supermassive black hole is two to three times heftier than previously thought, a new model showed, weighing in at a whopping 6.4 billion times the mass of the sun. The new measure suggests that other black holes in nearby large galaxies could also be much heftier than current measurements suggest, and it could help astronomers solve a longstanding puzzle about galaxy development.
"We did not expect it at all," said team member Karl Gebhardt of the University of Texas at Austin.
The discovery was announced Monday at the 214th meeting of the American Astronomical Society.
A composite picture shows radio and x-ray emissions from the dwarf galaxy Henize 2-10.
Image courtesy Reines et al, NRAO/AUI/NSF/NASA
The finding "is important for how black holes relate to galaxies," said team member Jens Thomas of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Germany. "If you change the mass of the black hole, you change how the black hole relates to the galaxy."
Because of this relationship, the revised mass could impact astronomers’ theories of how galaxies grow and form.
Higher black hole masses could also solve a paradox of the masses of faraway, developing galaxies called quasars. These mysterious denizens of the early universe are very bright, developing galaxies with black holes surrounded by gas and dust, all rife with star formation. Quasars are colossal, around 10 billion solar masses, "but in local galaxies, we never saw black holes that massive, not nearly," Gebhardt said.
"The suspicion was before that the quasar masses were wrong," he said. But "if we increase the mass of M87 two or three times, the problem almost goes away."
Why M87 matters
M87 is 50 million light-years away. Nearly three decades ago, it was one of the first galaxies suggested to harbor a central black hole. Now astronomers think that most large galaxies, including our own Milky Way, have supermassive black holes at their centers.
M87 also has an active jet shooting light out of the galaxy’s core, created where matter swirls closer to the black hole and approaches the speed of light, then combines with tremendous magnetic fields. The spat-out material helps astronomers understand how black holes attract and gobble up matter, a sloppy process in which all is not consumed.
These factors make M87 "the anchor for supermassive black hole studies," Gebhardt said.
While the new mass of M87 is based on a model, recent observations from the Gemini North Telescope in Hawaii and the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope in Chile support the model findings.
The study of M87’s mass will also be detailed later this summer in the journal Astrophysical Journal.
Article from: msnbc.msn.com
Also tune into:
Nassim Haramein - The Schwarzschild Proton
Nassim Haramein - Unified Field Theory, Gravity, Consciousness & Free Energy
Nassim Haramein - The Resonance Project
Nassim Haramein - The Holofractal Theory
Michael S. Schneider - Constructing The Universe with 1 through 12, Nature’s Numerical and Geometric Language
Jim Elvidge - Are we Living in a Simulation, a Programmed Reality?
Donald E. Scott - The Electric Sky
Wallace Thornhill - The Electric Universe
Rens van der Sluijs - Plasma Mythology & The Axis Mundi
We may exist inside a black hole, scientist says
Particle Collider: Black Hole or Crucial Machine?
Black Hole Creates Spectacular Light Show
Black hole found in Milky Way
Hackers claim there’s a black hole in the atom smashers’ computer network
Synthetic Black Hole Event Horizon Created in UK Laboratory
A Flickering “Black Hole”
Latest News from our Front Page
Boston Bomber Carjacking Unravels
2014 03 11
An exclusive WhoWhatWhy investigation has found serious factual inconsistencies in accounts provided by the only witness to the alleged confession of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects.
Why does this matter? Because this witness is the sole source for the entire publicly accepted narrative of who was behind the bombing and its aftermath—and why these events occurred.
In case we’ve forgotten how convoluted ...
3 Years On: Events, Questions Mark Fukushima Anniversary
2014 03 11
Three years on and the extent of the environmental, human and economic repercussions of the Fukushima incident continue to reveal themselves. Fukushima “fallout” is both literal in terms of radioactive materials, and figurative on a global scale. The politics and opinions around the nuclear issue are far from settled.
In Japan anti-nuclear sentiment runs high, with protesters recently marking the anniversary ...
Real Ukraine Issue: Rogue Reactors and Putin’s ’No-Bama’ Zone in Crimea
2014 03 11
Another week into the ‘Crimea Crisis’ and the kamakizi war rhetoric is still spewing out of Washington, London and their multinational corporate media arms.
You’d think it was Red Dawn all over again, only it’s not.
It all sound very impressive and pumped up in the news rooms, but is there any real substance in it – other than keeping oil and ...
Spraying Chemtrails to ’Reduce Pollution’
2014 03 11
The noxious smog choking Chinese cities is globally notorious, with photos showing the grey darkness that swallows citizens as they try to go about their lives. The thick clouds sometimes turn day to night, and wreak havoc for those with respiratory ailments. Reports of how toxic and damaging the smog is to humans and the environment completes the nightmare scenario, ...
Missing flight: Why are the phantom phones ringing FOUR DAYS after mystery disappearance? (Perhaps not underwater?)
2014 03 11
Many desperate and devastated families of the missing Malaysian Airlines Flight are clinging to hope. For days they have been waiting anxiously for any word from officials about the status or location of the plane and its 239 passengers. Some of the family members have been able to ’connect’ to their missing loved ones via cellphones - the phones ring ...
|More News » |