2006 04 26
By Jerry E. Smith | rense.com
For the last four years the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Project (HAARP) has been managed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) with Dr. Sheldon Z. Meth as the Program Manager. As of March 9, 2006 the official DARPA page for HAARP http://www.darpa.mil/ucar/programs/haarp.htm states that the high frequency transmitting array at the HAARP Research Station, Gakona, AK has been completed.
"The HAARP Interactive Ionospheric Research Observatory is a major Arctic facility for the study of upper atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics and for Radio Science and Communications research. Among the instruments included at the facility are a high power, high-frequency (HF) phased array radio transmitter, numerous radio frequency and optical research instruments capable of observing and monitoring the complex auroral ionosphere, and site infrastructure to support research activities. "
The above is from the official HAARP website http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/ The high-frequency phased array radio transmitter mentioned is also called the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) and it is the heart of the HAARP program. The Final IRI (FIRI) is a field of 180 towers, each 72 feet tall with two crossed dipole antennas at the top of each tower. Slung beneath the towers is a wire grid for reflecting upward any radio emissions from the antennas that heads toward the ground. Beneath the mesh are small buildings called shelters for the radio transmitters. All of these elements are linked together to act as one giant transmitting antenna with an effective radiated power (ERP) of 3.6 million watts, making it the world's largest radio broadcasting station.
Dr. Bernard J. Eastlund received the first of his three patents for a HAARP-like "Method And Apparatus For Altering A Region In The Earth's Atmosphere, Ionosphere, And/Or Magnetosphere" (US Patent Number 4,686,605) on 11 August, 1987, while working for the ARCO subsidiary APTI. It was but the first of a dozen related patents that scientists on APTI's payroll would take out over the next few years.
Officially, however, HAARP was conceived on the morning of 13 December 1989, when a joint Navy-Air Force meeting was held at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) in Washington, D.C. It has since been described as a discussion of their mutual interest in carrying out a Department of Defense (DoD) program in the area of ionospheric modification. Military and HAARP documents insist that it was at this meeting that the "need" for a unique heating facility to conduct "critical experiments" relating to potential DoD applications was "identified."
The official tale of the birth of HAARP claims that the Navy and Air Force personnel at that after-breakfast meeting at ONR decided to bring the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in on the project. Consequently, Navy and Air Force 08personnel trooped over to DARPA later that day to present their proposal for a DoD sponsored program. As well as representatives of DARPA, people from the Office of the Defense Director of Research & Engineering (DDR&E) were also present at that second meeting of the day.
This led to an Ionospheric Modification/ELF Workshop held the following month at NUSC on 9-11 January 1990. It was attended by personnel from a number of government agencies, as well as from several universities and the private sector. The workshop was billed as providing "an opportunity for broad-based inputs concerning research needs in ionospheric modification. In addition, potential systems were defined, and the characteristics of a new, unique, HF heating facility were discussed and identified."
In a year's time the project moved off of the drawing boards and into reality. The Appropriation Act for Fiscal Year (FY) 1990 provided funds for the creation of HAARP, jointly managed by the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research. Three contracts were awarded to ARCO Power Technologies (APTI) to begin feasibility studies in 1991. In 1992 the principal contract to begin construction was awarded, also to APTI.
Early November 1993 the United States Air Force announced, via press release, that the prime contractor on the HAARP program was Arco Power Technologies, Incorporated, (APTI) owner of the patents of Eastlund and other APTI scientists.
Initial prototype construction began at the Gakona, Alaska site in late 1993 and was completed a year later in late '94. During that time APTI bailed on the project and mysteriously sold it to a major defense contractor, E-Systems of Dallas, Texas.
The following year, 1995, Raytheon bought E-Systems and all the APTI patents they held. That same year Congress budgeted $10 million for HAARP for FY 1996 under "Counterproliferation - Advanced Development" spending. In the FY 1997 Descriptive Summary of the Counterproliferation Advanced Development Budget HAARP appears under the sub-heading "Project P539 Counterforce." There it is recorded that "In FY96, Congress added $10 Million to be used for the High-Frequency Acoustic [sic] Auroral Research Program (HAARP) to this project." Elsewhere in that report it states "...in FY96 only, the Congressionally added HAARP program funds will be used to explore the ability of auroral transmissions to detect and locate underground structures of the type where WMD [Weapons of Mass Destruction] can be developed or stored."
The HAARP final ionospheric research instrument (FIRI) was planned to be a field of 180 antennas arranged in a rectangular grid of 12 rows by 15 columns. Initially a smaller set of elements was constructed so that the predicted performance could be verified before the entire facility is built. That initial phase of the program was called the Developmental Prototype (DP). By April of 1995 the DP array of 48 antenna towers arranged as 8 columns by 6 rows had been completed. Thirty additional unpowered and unused towers were also erected at that time.
The first round of tests of the DP was in April 1995. More start-up tests were conducted in July and November of 1995, while tests of the aircraft detection radar were conducted in September of that year. The aircraft alert radar (AAR) is intended to automatically shut off "appropriate transmissions" when aircraft are detected within, or approaching a "safety zone" established around the HAARP site.
HAARP documents claim that the facility was shut down at the end of the last set of initial low power tests on the DP on 21 November, 1995. Officially, no testing was conducted from that time until the HAARP facility was at last put to scientific use for the first time, over a year later. A two week flurry of scientific research activity, called a "campaign," took place from 27 February to 14 March, 1997. In addition to science experiments, this two week period included several visits from tour groups; participation in a lecture series by HAARP personnel at the nearby community college; a public talk on ionospheric research and the HAARP facility; and the first HAARP-Amateur radio listening test.
During the early part of the August 1997 testing period several experiments were performed with the NASA WIND satellite which was at a favorable position in its orbit.
The third annual HAARP Open House was held 23-24 August, 1997. Program personnel were present to discuss the project and to give demonstrations and tours of the facility. Several experts in ionospheric physics were also present to discuss the research plans and the physics of the earth's upper atmosphere.
They wanted to finish erecting the FIRI by 2002 but got their budget slashed. It appears that the in-coming President, George W. Bush, was more concerned with his anti-missile missile defense program than with ionospheric research, or exotic electromagnetic weapons research, depending on which HAARP really is, and killed HAARP's funding for the first two years of his administration.
Initially HAARP was jointly managed by ONR and the Air Force's Phillips Laboratory in Massachusetts. In 2002 Project Management of HAARP was transferred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). It would seem that DARPA was brought in to whip the project into shape. According to the official DARPA webpage for HAARP their portion of the project has now been completed and HAARP is being "transitioned" back to the Air Force and Navy in FY2006.
Per the official DARPA fact sheet:
"The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is the central research and development organization for the Department of Defense (DoD). It manages and directs selected basic and applied research and development projects for DoD, and pursues research and technology where risk and payoff are both very high and where success may provide dramatic advances for traditional military roles and missions."
There are eight technical offices in DARPA. HAARP came under The Tactical Technology Office (TTO). According to their fact sheet:
"The Tactical Technology Office engages in high-risk, high-payoff advanced technology development of military systems, emphasizing the "system" and "subsystem" approach to the development of Unmanned Systems, Space Systems and Tactical Multipliers."
DARPA's official word on HAARP, as of 3/9/06 is:
"The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Project (HAARP) developed new experimental research capabilities and conducted research programs to exploit emerging ionosphere and radio science technologies related to advanced defense applications. The FY 1990 Appropriation Act provided funds for the creation of HAARP, jointly managed by the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research to exploit emerging ionosphere and high power radio technology for new military systems applications. Key to the current effort was the expansion of the experimental research facility that includes a 3.6 MW high-frequency transmitter and a variety of diagnostic instruments, to conduct investigations to characterize the physical processes that can be initiated and controlled in the ionosphere and space, via interactions with high power radio waves."
Among these were:
(1) the generation of extremely low frequency/very low frequency radio waves for submarine and other subsurface communication, and the reduction of charged particle populations in the radiation belts to ensure safe spacecraft systems operations;
(2) the control of electron density gradients and the refractive properties in selected regions of the ionosphere to create radio wave propagation channels; and
(3) the generation of optical and infrared emissions in space to calibrate space sensors. To date, the facility has been developed to include a suite of optical and radio diagnostics and an advanced, modern, high frequency transmitting array that has a radiated power of 960 kW, about one-third of the 3.6MW called for in the original concept and plan.
The current high frequency transmitting array has proven to be extremely reliable and flexible, and has shown the feasibility of the overall concept. However, results to date have indicated that the advanced applications-related research activities and new military system concept demonstrations envisioned under the program require that the high frequency transmitting capability at the site be increased from the present 960 kW level to the originally planned 3.6 MW level.
A study completed by an Air Force/Navy Panel also pointed to additional high-value functions that can potentially be accomplished with the a 3.6 MW capability, in particular, the exploration and refinement of scientific principles that could lead to the development and deployment of a system to provide protection for spacebased assets from emergent asymmetric threats. DARPA established an MOA with the Air Force and Navy for this program in November 2002. The HAARP technology is transitioning to the Air Force and Navy in FY 2006.
Program Plans Completed the HAARP high frequency transmitting array at the HAARP Research Station, Gakona, AK.
Prepared the existing HAARP facility in preparation for ionospheric testing.
Conducted advanced ionosphere and radio science research and analysis of applications including space-based asset protection and phenomena related to its implementation."
Not only was Dr. Meth in charge of HAARP, he also manages programs called Air Laser and MAgneto Hydrodynamic Explosive Munition (MAHEM)! Does it seem odd to you that a guy running a lazar development program and designing some kind of bomb would also be tinkering with how the top of the atmosphere reacts to radio waves?
DARPA signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Air Force and Navy to run this program for them in November 2002. On 17 February 2003 a Press Release went out announcing that BAE Systems North America had reached a definitive agreement with Advanced Power Technologies, Inc. (APTI), to purchase the corporation for $27 million in cash (note that somewhere along the line the "A" in APTI changed from "ARCO" to "Advanced"). That Press Release has since been deleted from BAE's website. Details on this purchase have completely vanished from the Internet. I called a spokesperson at APTI and got very little information. Indeed, when I asked about HAARP the poor fellow had never heard of it - or so he claimed!
After purchasing APTI BAE Systems then owned the intellectual property, the patents, that make HAARP possible. When HAARP's funding was resumed they automatically got the contract. This is important evidence that HAARP is a ground-based weapons systems, as laid out in those patents, as has been discussed in several books on HAARP, including mine.
One year and two months after purchasing APTI, BAE Systems announced that they had received a contract from the Navy for $35 Million to complete the HAARP Program. In a Press Release dated 10 June 2004, BAE Systems proclaimed:
"The Office of Naval Research has awarded BAE Systems a $35.4 million contract to manufacture 132 high frequency (HF) transmitters for installation in the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program's (HAARP) phased array antenna system. The contract was finalized April 19 with BAE Systems Information & Electronic Warfare Systems in Washington, D. C."
BAE Systems lost no time in farming out the HAARP contract. Five days after getting the job from the Navy they sub-contracted it to DRS Technologies.
DRS Technologies receives $23.3 million contract to provide high-frequency radio transmitters for U.S. government
"Parsippany, NJ, June 15 -- DRS Technologies, Inc. (NYSE: DRS) announced today that it has received a $23.3 million contract, including options, to provide high-frequency (HF) radio transmitters for the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), which supports a U. S. government Arctic research facility being built to study the Earth's upper atmosphere.
"The $11.5 million base contract was awarded to DRS by BAE Systems PLC (LSE: BA. L). For this award, DRS will manufacture more than 60 Model D616G 10-Kilowatt Dual Transmitters to fulfill the transmitter requirements for the HAARP program. Work for this order will be performed by the company's DRS Broadcast Technology unit in Dallas, Texas. Product deliveries to BAE Systems' Information and Electronic Warfare Systems in Washington, D.C., are scheduled to begin in March 2005 and continue for approximately one year.
"We are pleased to continue our role as a premier supplier of transmitters for the HAARP program," said Steven T. Schorer, president of DRS's C4I Group. "This award enhances DRS's position as a leader in high-technology radio frequency solutions for secure and tactical communications systems supporting the applications of the government scientific research community."
"The high-frequency or short-wave Model D616G Transmitters were designed specifically for the U. S. government HAARP research facility. Currently, the ionosphere provides long-range capabilities for commercial ship-to-shore communications, transoceanic aircraft links, and military communications and surveillance systems.
"A primary goal of HAARP is to understand how variations in the sun's radiation affect the performance of radio systems and to improve military command, control, communications and surveillance systems.
"DRS Broadcast Technology, formerly known as Continental Electronics, is a global leader in broadcast transmitter equipment. It is the foremost supplier of advanced radio frequency transmission technology and the world's most experienced provider of the highest power radio broadcast equipment, offering a full range of products for broadcasting, military and scientific applications.
"DRS Technologies, headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey, provides leading edge products and services to defense, government intelligence and commercial customers. Focused on defense technology, DRS develops and manufactures a broad range of mission critical systems. The company employs 5,800 people worldwide."
So, what do the spokesfolks at HAARP say they are doing now? From the HAARP website:
"Since March 1999, when the current 960 kW power capability became available, approximately 7-10 research campaigns have been conducted annually at the Gakona facility. Research periods are scheduled throughout the year; however, specific research areas are studied optimally during certain seasons. For example, the detection of optical emissions is best studied during the winter when clear, dark skies are frequent. Two such campaigns were conducted during 2002 and 2003. Extended research campaigns were conducted during the summers of 2002 and 2003 to observe and characterize the seasonal occurrence of an upper atmospheric phenomenon called Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes (PMSE) that occurs only at high latitudes in the summer."
This infrequently up-dated site seldom reflects when the array is in use. Usually the site does not mention such use until months, or even years after, and then usually in very vague terms. As I write this, the site claims the last time the IRI was in use was November of 2003. Independent researchers have established that the site was in near daily use in 2005, however. As best anyone can tell the technicians spent the days wiring up the new transmitters and antennae, then spent several hours each night broadcasting to check the quality of the workmanship and equipment.
So, that is where HAARP is today, a $300 million dollar plus "upper atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics" observatory -- that may or may not also be a whole lot more.
Even if HAARP is exactly what it says it is, is that something good? A key DoD document defines HAARP saying:
"The heart of the program will be the development of a unique ionospheric heating capability to conduct the pioneering experiments required to adequately assess the potential for exploiting ionospheric enhancement technology for DOD purposes."
Let's break that down. Technically HAARP is a type of device called an ionospheric heater because injecting all that radio frequency energy (3.6 billions watts) into the atmosphere heats it up. The big difference between HAARP and the dozen or so other ionospheric heaters in the world is that HAARP, based on the Eastlund/APTI patents is a uniquely designed phased antenna array. This phasing, or sequencing of the firing of the transmitters/antenna field allows for the focusing ability that sets HAARP apart from its peers. If used for over-the-horizon surveillance it would also have made HAARP a violation of the ABM Treaty, which was still in effect when work on HAARP began, and may be the real reason for the military's calling HAARP a civilian science project in the first place.
Heating the atmosphere changes it, so you can make it do things. In this case the amount of heating literally blows the molecules of the air apart. That is what is meant by "ionospheric enhancement." You have to love the use of the word enhancement -- only the military would think that breaking something makes it better! This heating to the point where the molecules are blown apart causes it to give off a "scream" of extremely low frequency (ELF) radio waves that penetrate deep into the earth and deep into the seas.
The project was initially funded specifically to do this: to use this ionospherically generated ELF to communicate with deeply submerged submarines and to engage in something earth penetrating tomography to target and monitor enemy underground bases for the manufacture and launch of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). This heating also turns the "excited region" into a plasma (an electrically charged gas) that goes out into space, possibly destroying anything ! electronic (like an ICBM or a spy satellite) that passes through it.
It also changes the shape and radio wave bounce characteristics of the ionosphere, effectively jamming some radio communications channels.
And what are DoD purposes? Why, to win wars! to make new weapons or to make existing weapons and personal more effective (which is called a force multiplier). So, simply put, what this quote says is that the DoD wants to know if they can use this technology to turn the atmosphere into a weapon, or use it to improve existing weapons.
As I have been asking for almost a decade now, is weaponizing the atmosphere a good idea? What about unintended and unexpected consequences? What happens when the enemy responds in kind? And why is it that the mainstream press is so silent on these issues?
Jerry E. Smith
BAE Systems receives $35 million for HAARP program
The Ultimate Weapon Of Mass Destruction: 'Owning the Weather' For Military Use
By Michel Chossudovsky
Climatic Manipulation by the US Military: The HAARP Program
The High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) based in Gokona, Alaska, has been in existence since 1992. It is part of a new generation of sophisticated weaponry under the US Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Operated by the Air Force Research Laboratory's Space Vehicles Directorate, HAARP constitutes a system of powerful antennas capable of creating "controlled local modifications of the ionosphere" [upper layer of the atmosphere]:
"[HAARP will be used] to induce a small, localized change in ionospheric temperature so that resulting physical reactions can be studied by other instruments located either at or close to the HAARP site". (HAARP website)
Nicholas Begich --actively involved in the public campaign against HAARP-- describes HAARP as:
"A super-powerful radiowave-beaming technology that lifts areas of the ionosphere by focusing a beam and heating those areas. Electromagnetic waves then bounce back onto earth and penetrate everything -- living and dead." (for further details see Michel Chossudovsky, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO201A.html)
World renowned scientist Dr. Rosalie Bertell depicts HAARP as "a gigantic heater that can cause major disruptions in the ionosphere, creating not just holes, but long incisions in the protective layer that keeps deadly radiation from bombarding the planet." (quoted in Chossudovsky, op cit.)
According to Richard Williams, a physicist and consultant to the David Sarnoff laboratory in Princeton HAARP constitutes "an irresponsible act of global vandalism."
He and others fear a secret second stage where HAARP would "beam much more energy into the ionosphere. That could produce a severe disruption of the upper atmosphere at one location that may produce effects that spread rapidly around the Earth for years." (Quoted in Scott Gilbert, Environmental Warfare and US Foreign Policy: The Ultimate Weapon of Mass Destruction, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/GIL401A.html)
HAARP has been presented to public opinion as a program of scientific and academic research. US military documents seem to suggest, however, that HAARP's main objective is to "exploit the ionosphere for Department of Defense purposes." (quoted in Chossudovsky, op cit). Without explicitly referring to the HAARP program, a US Air Force study points to the use of "induced ionospheric modifications" as a means of altering weather patterns as well as disrupting enemy communications and radar. (Ibid)
HAARP also has the ability of triggering blackouts and disrupting the electricity power system of entire regions.
An analysis of statements emanating from the US Air Force points to the unthinkable: the covert manipulation of weather patterns, communications systems and electric power as a weapon of global warfare, enabling the US to disrupt and dominate entire regions of the World.
Weather Warfare: A Corporate Bonanza
HAARP has been operational since the early 1990s. Its system of antennas at Gakona, Alaska, was initially based on a technology patented by Advanced Power Technologies Inc. (APTI), a subsidiary of Atlantic Ritchfield Corporation (ARCO). The first phase of the HAARP Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) was completed by APTI. The IRI system of antennas was first installed in 1992 by a subsidiary of British Aerospace Systems (BAES) using the APTI patent. The antennas beam into the outer-atmosphere using a set of wireless high frequency transmitters.
In 1994, ARCO sold its APTI subsidiary, including the patents and the second phase construction contract to E-Systems, a secretive high tech military outfit with links to the CIA (http://www.crystalinks.com/haarp.html
E-Systems specializes in the production of electronic warfare equipment, navigation and reconnaissance machinery, including "highly sophisticated spying devices":
"[E-Systems] is one of the biggest intelligence contractors in the world, doing work for the CIA, defense intelligence organizations, and others. US$1.8 billion of their annual sales are to these organizations, with $800 million for black projects-projects so secret that even the United States Congress isn't told how the money is being spent. http://www.earthpulse.com/haarp/vandalism.html
"The company has outfitted such military projects as the Doomsday Plan (the system that allows the President to manage a nuclear war) and Operation Desert Storm."(Princeton Review, http://www.princetonreview.com/cte/profiles/
With the purchase of APTI, E-Systems acquired the strategic weather warfare technology and patent rights, including Bernard J. Eastlund's US Patent No: 4,686,605 entitled "Method and Apparatus for Altering a Region in the Earth's Atmosphere, Ionosphere and/or Magnetosphere". It is worth mentioning that the Eastlund /APTI patents were based on the research of Yugoslav scientist Nicola Tesla (many of whose ideas were stolen by US corpo rations).
(See Scott Gilbert, Environmental Warfare and US Foreign Policy: The Ultimate Weapon of Mass Destruction, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/GIL401A.html Eastlund described this deadly technology as capable of: "causing total disruption of communications over a very large portion of the Earth missile or aircraft destruction, deflection or confusion weather modification
Not surprisingly, the patent had previously been sealed under a government secrecy order.
Barely a year following the E-Systems purchase of APTI's weather warfare technology, E-Systems was bought out by Raytheon, the fourth largest US military contractor. Through this money-spinning acquisition, Raytheon became the largest "defense electronics" firm in the World.
Meanwhile, ARCO which had sold APTI to E-Systems, had itself been acquired by the BP-AMOCO oil consortium, thereby integrating the largest oil company in the World (BP).
Raytheon through its E-Systems subsidiary now owns the patents used to develop the HAARP weather warfare facility at Gakona Alaska. Raytheon is also involved in other areas of weather research for military use, including the activities of its subsidiary in Antarctica, Raytheon Polar Services.
"Owning the Weather": Towards the Expanded Final Stage
The HAARP antenna array and transmitters were slated to be built in several distinct phases http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/phases.html Developmental Prototype (DP) (See http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/dp.html Filled DP (FDP), Limited IRI (LIRI) Full size or final IRI (FIRI). See http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/fdp.html
During the Clinton administration, the "Filled Developmental Prototype" (FDP), namely a system composed of an array of 48 active antenna elements with connected wireless transmitters, was installed and completed at the HAARP facility in 1994. (See Figure 1 below) Under the initial Developmental Prototype (DP), only 18 of the 48 transmitters were connected.
Bernard Eastlund in a 1997 interview described this antenna array in its Filled DP stage as the "the largest ionospheric heater ever built". This system of 48 antennas, however, while fully operational, was not according to Eastlund, powerful enough (in 1997) "to bring the ideas in his patents to fruition":
"But they're getting up there", he said. "This is a very powerful device. Especially if they go to the expanded stage." (quoted in Scott Gilbert, op cit, see also http://www.emagazine.com/january-february_1997/0197currhaarp.html)
This 'final expanded stage' envisioned by Eastlund, which will provide maximum capability to manipulate the World's weather patterns, has now been reached.
Under the Bush administration, the main partner of Raytheon (which owns the patents) in the construction and development stage of the HAARP antenna array, is British Aerospace Systems (BAES), which had been involved in the initial installation of the antenna array in the early 1990s.
The multimillion dollar contract was granted by The Office of Naval Research to BAES in 2003, through its US subsidiary BAE Systems Advanced Technologies Inc. The contract was signed barely two months before the Anglo-American invasion of Iraq.
Using Raytheon's technology, BAES was to develop the HAARP Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) to its maximum capabilities of "Full size or final IRI (FIRI)".
In April 2003, BAE Systems Advanced Technologies outsourced the production and installation of the antennas to Phazar Corp http://www.phazar.com/ a company specializing in advanced wireless antennas for military use. (Phazar owns Antenna Products Corporation of Mineral Wells, Texas http://www.antennaproducts.com/ Phazar was entrusted with producing and installing 132 crossed dipole antennas items for the HAARP facility.
http://www.antennaproducts.com/News%20Release%2004-18-03.pdf A year later, in April 2004, the final phase in the expansion of the HAARP facility was launched. (Dept of Defense, 19 April 2004). This phase consisted in equipping all the 180 antennas with high frequency transmitters. BAE Systems was awarded another lucrative contract, this time for $35 million.
In July 2004, Phazar had delivered and installed the 132 crossed dipole antennas including the antenna support structures and ground screen items at the HAARP facility, bringing the number of antennas from 48 under the FDP stage to 180. (see Table 2).
Meanwhile, BAE Systems had contracted with Jersey based defense electronics firm DRS Technologies, Inc in an $11.5 million outsourcing arrangement, the production and installation of the high-frequency (HF) radio transmitters for the HAARP antenna array.
http://www.drs.com/press/index.cfm?PRESS_RELEASE_ID=1651 and Business Wire, 15 June 2004).
DRS specializes in a variety of leading edge products for the U.S. military and intelligence agencies. http://www.drs.com/corporateinfo/index.cfm
Under its contract with BAE Systems Information and Electronic Warfare Systems in Washington, D.C., DRS is to manufacture and install "more than 60 Model D616G 10-Kilowatt Dual Transmitters" to be used with the HAARP system of antennas. (It is unclear from the company statements whether all the 180 antennas will be equipped with a transmitter, bringing the system up to full IRI capabilities).
Deliveries and installation are to be completed by July 2006. While HAARP is described as a "research project", the production of the transmitters was entrusted to DRS' C41 "Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I) Group"
Air Force 2025 The Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, General Ronald R. Fogleman, tasked the Air University at Maxwell AFB, AL to look 30 years into the future to identify the concepts, capabilities and technologies the United States will require to remain the dominant air and space force in the 21st century.
The Air University commander led a team of students and faculty from the Air University's Air War College and Air Command and Staff College; scientists and technologists from the Air Force Institute of Technology, located at Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; Air Force Academy and AFROTC cadets from around the country; and selected academic and business leaders in the civilian community across the nation in the 10-month effort to meet General Foglemans tasking.
The resulting study is called Air Force 2025 or 2025 for short. The team's findings were briefed to General Fogleman in June 1996 and to the Secretary of the Air Force, Dr. Sheila Widnall, in July 1996. The 2025 study was subsequently published in a collection of white papers consisting of an executive summary and 41 individual papers, totaling more than 3,300 pages of text.
Article from: http://www.rense.com/general70/haarp.htm
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