Bible Possibly Written Centuries Earlier, Text Suggests
2010 01 17
By Clara Moskowitz | LiveScience.com
Scientists have discovered the earliest known Hebrew writing — an inscription dating from the 10th century B.C., during the period of King David's reign.
The breakthrough could mean that portions of the Bible were written centuries earlier than previously thought. (The Bible's Old Testament is thought to have been first written down in an ancient form of Hebrew.)
Until now, many scholars have held that the Hebrew Bible originated in the 6th century B.C., because Hebrew writing was thought to stretch back no further. But the newly deciphered Hebrew text is about four centuries older, scientists announced this month.
The ancient text shown in this drawing was discovered on a shard of pottery in Israel, and turned out to be the earliest known example of Hebrew writing. Credit: University of Haifa.
"It indicates that the Kingdom of Israel already existed in the 10th century BCE and that at least some of the biblical texts were written hundreds of years before the dates presented in current research," said Gershon Galil, a professor of Biblical Studies at the University of Haifa in Israel, who deciphered the ancient text.
BCE stands for "before common era," and is equivalent to B.C., or before Christ.
The writing was discovered more than a year ago on a pottery shard dug up during excavations at Khirbet Qeiyafa, near Israel's Elah valley. The excavations were carried out by archaeologist Yosef Garfinkel of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. At first, scientists could not tell if the writing was Hebrew or some other local language.
Finally, Galil was able to decipher the text. He identified words particular to the Hebrew language and content specific to Hebrew culture to prove that the writing was, in fact, Hebrew.
"It uses verbs that were characteristic of Hebrew, such as asah ('did') and avad ('worked'), which were rarely used in other regional languages," Galil said. "Particular words that appear in the text, such as almanah ('widow') are specific to Hebrew and are written differently in other local languages."
The ancient text is written in ink on a trapezoid-shaped piece of pottery about 6 inches by 6.5 inches (15 cm by 16.5 cm). It appears to be a social statement about how people should treat slaves, widows and orphans. In English, it reads (by numbered line):
1' you shall not do [it], but worship the [Lord].
2' Judge the sla[ve] and the wid[ow] / Judge the orph[an]
3' [and] the stranger. [Pl]ead for the infant / plead for the po[or and]
4' the widow. Rehabilitate [the poor] at the hands of the king.
5' Protect the po[or and] the slave / [supp]ort the stranger.
The content, which has some missing letters, is similar to some Biblical scriptures, such as Isaiah 1:17, Psalms 72:3, and Exodus 23:3, but does not appear to be copied from any Biblical text.
Article from: LiveScience.com
Video from: YouTube.com
Video from: YouTube.com
Video from: YouTube.com
John Lash - Mystery Religions, Gnosticism, the Occult & the Globalist Elite
John Lash - The Antichrist, One World Religion & 2012 (Subscription)
John Lash - Origin of Religion, Entheogens, Wasson & Black Magic Pharmacology
John Lash - Gnosticism & Abrahamic Religion
John Lash - Artificial Technomania of the Archons (Subscription)
Ben Stewart - Esoteric Agenda
Ben Stewart - Empowerment & Solutions (Subscription)
Michael Tsarion - The Post Human World
Neil Kramer - Awakening, Eschatology & Entheogens
Neil Kramer - Atheism, World Views & Maslow's Pyramid (Subscription)
Gregg Braden - The Divine Matrix
Lynne McTaggart - The Intention Experiment
John Major Jenkins - Galactic Alignment 2012 & Mayan Cosmology
John Major Jenkins - Izapa, The Mayan Calendar & Pyramid of Fire (Subscription)
Jim Elvidge - Are we Living in a Simulation, a Programmed Reality?
Jim Elvidge - The Singularity, Nanobot's & Reality Simulation (Subscription)
David Sereda - The Voice & Spiritual Science
David Sereda - The Invisible, 2012 & Mono Lisa's Little Secret (Subscription)
David Wilcock - Convergence & The Divine Cosmos
David Wilcock - Dark Mission, 2012 & Time Cycles (Subscription)
Jake Kotze Interviews
Steve Willner Interviews
Peter Levenda - Sinister Forces
Peter Levenda - Sinister Forces Continued (Subscription)
Dr. Joye Jeffries Pugh - Eden, The Knowledge of Good and Evil & The Antichrist
Lynn Marzulli - Nephilim, Biblical Prophecy & The Supernatural
Lynn Marzulli - Fatima, Psychotronic Weapons, Shroud of Turin & The Merovingian Heresy (Subscription)
Tom Horn - UFO Disclosure & the Nephilim
Tom Horn - Nephilim Stargates: The Year 2012 and the Return of the Watchers
Oldest New World Text Found
Queen Jezebel: Biblical Bad Girl Had Power
The Oldest Bible 1/3 [Audio]
US authorities urged to overturn death sentence after jury consulted Bible
Fragment from world's oldest Bible found hidden in Egyptian monastery
World's oldest Christian Bible digitized
Rumsfeld's holy war: How President Bush's Iraq briefings came with quotes from the Bible
For The Bible Tells Me So (Video)
Fragment of ancient parchment from Bible given to Jerusalem scholars
Return of the Devil's Bible to Prague Draws Crowds of Curious Czechs
Report from Codex Commission Meeting - Rome 2009 (Video)
Latest News from our Front Page
Former Chief Security Officer for NewsCorp: N. Koreans Not Behind Sony Hack, Interview Leak
Hemanshu Nigam, a former federal prosecutor and former chief security officer for NewsCorp/Fox studios, says North Korea isn’t behind the Sony Hack.
Nigam gave several bullet points for why the hack was likely an inside job.
Attack code borrowed from a previous attack on Seoul, that’s why it’s in Korean. Private hackers typically borrow malicious code from other hackers.Nations state attacks follow ...
Sony Fires Back at Obama: Actually We Did Call the White House – Several Times
Sony fired back at Obama after the press conference saying they had several conversations with the Obama White House before and after the movie was canceled.
Via The Hollywood Reporter:
After President Obama criticized Sony for its decision to cancel The Interview's release after theater chains decided not to show the film, the studio has issued a statement elaborating on the move.
The Bankster International
Geopolitical analysis, the art of explaining power relationships through the prism of impersonal geography, can be a helpful tool for observers of the Great Game – but it also has its limitations. A case in point is the renewed US-Russia confrontation. Think tanks and policy insiders easily sell the narrative that from the dark days of the Cold War to ...
Another banker dies under suspicious circumstances
52-year-old Belgian Geert Tack – a private banker for ING who managed portfolios for wealthy individuals – was described as ‘impeccable’, ‘sporty’, ‘cared-for’, and ‘successful’ and so as Vermist reports, after disappearing a month ago, the appearance of his body off the coast of Ostend is surrounded by riddles…
Impeccable. Sporty. Cared for. Successful. Just some qualifications that are attributed to ...
NATO increases military presence on Russia’s borders
The Pentagon has confirmed the military buildup along Russia’s borders to ensure long-term “peace and stability” in the region.
Earlier Moscow accused NATO of a sharp increase in air activity and intelligence flights in the border zone.
Replying to RIA Novosti’s query on the increased number of NATO flights around Russia’s borders, a Pentagon representative told the news agency that the military ...
|More News » |