Human Likely Killed Neanderthal, Weapons Test Shows
2009-07-27 0:00

By Ker Than | NationalGeographic.com

A Neanderthal man who lived as recently as 50,000 years ago may have been killed by a modern human armed with an advanced projectile weapon, a new study suggests.

If confirmed, the Paleolithic "murder" would be the first compelling case for an anatomically modern human using a weapon against a member of the extinct human species.

The Neanderthal, dubbed Shanidar 3, was discovered in an Iraqi cave in 1959. His remains show that he likely died of a clean wound to his left side that nicked one rib but left the others relatively unharmed.

"People have been speculating about this injury for about 50 years," said study leader Steven Churchill of Duke University in North Carolina.

Experts have suggested that the Neanderthal may have fallen on his own spear, been fatally poked by a fellow hunter—or been killed by a projectile weapon, which only modern humans were known to use.

CSI: Paleolithic

To test these theories, Churchill and his team used a crossbow that could be calibrated to create different kinds of injuries in pig carcasses, which have body structures similar to humans'.

The team then examined the wounds created by the equivalent of a thrusted spear and one thrown from a distance using an ancient projectile weapon.

"When we replicated the lower energies involved with projectile weapons, we tended to get the nice clean incisions that we see in Shanidar," Churchill explained.

By contrast, "injuries caused by a thrusting spear usually involved at least two ribs, and there was massive collateral damage."

Also, whatever nicked the Neanderthal's rib entered the body at a 45-degree downward angle, which is consistent with the curved "ballistic trajectory" of a thrown weapon, Churchill said.

Better Date Needed

Shanidar 3 is one of only two known Neanderthal skeletons bearing evidence of a weapons-related death.

The other remains, found in France, date back to around 36,000 years ago and show a skull injury caused by a stone tool. But it's less clear whether the weapon that caused the blow was a thrown projectile, Churchill said.

Better dating of Shanidar 3's remains could further bolster that case for an interspecies murder.

Age estimates for the Neanderthal's remains range from 50,000 to 75,000 years ago. Modern humans are thought to have spread from Africa into what is now Iraq around 50,000 years ago.

"If Shanidar 3 is as young as 50,000 years old," Churchill said, "he's in the right time period" to have had contact with modern humans.

Findings appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Human Evolution.

Article from: NationalGeographic.com



Red Ice Radio:
Lloyd Pye - Human Origins, Intervention Theory & Genetic Experimentation
Lloyd Pye - Human Design & Properties of Annunaki Genes
Red Ice Creations Radio - Lloyd Pye - The Starchild Skull
Red Ice Creations Radio - Michael Cremo - Forbidden Archeology
Red Ice Creations Radio - Michael Cremo - Human Devolution



Related Articles
Lloyd Pye - Everything you Know is Wrong (Video)
Lloyd Pye and the Starchild Skull on breakfast show in New Zealand (Video)
Stephen Hawking: "Humans Have Entered a New Stage of Evolution"
Researchers may remake Neanderthal DNA
Scientists unravel Neanderthal genome
Neanderthal, Human Ancestor Could Chat
Neanderthals: More Advanced Than Thought?
Neanderthals speak out after 30,000 years
Neanderthals' Disappearance Gets More Mysterious


Latest News from our Front Page

Immigrants in Hungary Head to German Border on Government Buses and Walking on Foot
2015-09-04 22:50
Footage showed migrants — frustrated with the Hungarian authorities, who have blocked their way by rail — starting the walk from Budapest toward Germany. Others remained in a standoff with the police. Budapest - After a day of defiance by increasingly desperate refugees, the government of Hungary metaphorically threw up its hands Friday and offered to bus thousands of migrants to ...
Generation P. Russia awaken!
2015-09-04 21:02
From Youtube description: The first Russian cult film of the new millenium Watch a preview here: Source: youtube.com
Blonde Parade in Latvia
2015-09-04 21:04
Youtube description: Hundreds of blonde Latvian women marched through the streets of Riga to to lift nation's economy. Source: youtube.com
Shocking: Young Girls Convulse On The Floor After HPV Shot
2015-09-04 20:49
Video appears to show widespread adverse reaction to Gardasil vaccine Shocking video posted to Facebook shows a group of young girls convulsing on the floor after reportedly taking the Gardisil vaccine somewhere in Bolivia. Source: infowars.com
White Women Are Getting Fed Up
2015-09-03 23:09
White women speak out against the claim that "White women have things so much easier than every other people." This video has been flagged as "inappropriate" by Youtube: Don't miss the Radio 3Fourteen interview with Lana, Sinead and Megan.
More News »