Scientists discover second, secret DNA code
2013 12 13
Scientists have long believed that DNA tells the cells how to make proteins. But the discovery of a new, second DNA code Thursday suggests the body speaks two different languages.
The findings in the journal Science may have big implications for how medical experts use the genomes of patients to interpret and diagnose diseases, researchers said.
The newfound genetic code within deoxyribonucleic acid, the hereditary material that exists in nearly every cell of the body, was written right on top of the DNA code scientists had already cracked.
Rather than concerning itself with proteins, this one instructs the cells on how genes are controlled.
Its discovery means DNA changes, or mutations that come with age or in response to viruses, may be doing more than what scientists previously thought, he said.
"For over 40 years we have assumed that DNA changes affecting the genetic code solely impact how proteins are made," said lead author John Stamatoyannopoulos, University of Washington associate professor of genome sciences and of medicine.
"Now we know that this basic assumption about reading the human genome missed half of the picture," he said.
"Many DNA changes that appear to alter protein sequences may actually cause disease by disrupting gene control programs or even both mechanisms simultaneously."
Scientists already knew that the genetic code uses a 64-letter alphabet called codons.
But now researchers have figured out that some of these codons have two meanings.
Coined duons, these new elements of DNA language have one meaning related to protein sequence and another that is related to gene control.
The latter instructions "appear to stabilize certain beneficial features of proteins and how they are made," the study said.
The discovery was made as part of the international collaboration of research groups known as the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements Project, or ENCODE.
It is funded by the US National Human Genome Research Institute with the goal of finding out where and how the directions for biological functions are stored in the human genome.
Article from: uk.news.yahoo.com
Tune into Red Ice Radio:
Jeremy Narby - The Cosmic Serpent, DNA, Knowledge & Intelligence in Nature
Red Ice Radio - Bruce Lipton - The Biology of Belief
Lloyd Pye - Starchild Skull DNA, Disclosure & Directed Panspermia
Lloyd Pye - Extraction of Nuclear DNA from the Starchild Skull
Lloyd Pye - The Annunaki & Genetic Engineering
Lloyd Pye - Human Origins, The Intervention Theory & The Starchild Skull
Stephen Ruback - Beware: the Aquarian Age, The Masculine & The Feminine
Michael Dunning - The Sacred Yew Tree: The Embryonic Tree of Life & Yew Shamanism
Oldest-ever human DNA found in 400,000-year-old ‘Pit of Bones’ poses evolutionary mystery
The Government Plans To Track Us And Those We Are Related To Using Our DNA
A Message From Aliens in Our DNA?
Government Genome Project to Sequence DNA of All US Babies at Birth
Engineers Invent Programming Language to Build Synthetic DNA
Scientists find novel way to store data in DNA
Scientists create DNA tracking tags, might soon be used to track protesters
Dentist Seeks to Clone John Lennon with DNA from Tooth
UK Gov Backs IVF Technique That Uses DNA From Three People
U.S. Supreme Court rules human DNA cannot be patented (unless synthetic)
Brain Development Is Guided by Junk DNA that Isn’t Really Junk
Latest News from our Front Page
Pentagon launching missile defense blimps to patrol East Coast
The US Army is set to begin testing its blimp-like surveillance airships, designed to help the military detect and destroy cruise missiles from attacking the nation’s capital and other East Coast cities.
The blimps at the center of the tests in Maryland are unmanned, 80-yard long, helium-filled aircraft that can float up to 10,000 feet in the air. At that height ...
Sony Just Canned 'The Interview' in the Wake of Terrorist Threat
Sony has cancelled the cinematic release of The Interview in the wake of its cyberattack after the five largest cinema chains in the country decided not to run the film.
"Sony Pictures has been the victim of an unprecedented criminal assault against our employees, our customers, and our business," Sony wrote in its first statement on the matter, as reported ...
Sweden is so deranged, there are no words to describe it – Danish politician
Politically correct Sweden is such a deranged society that there is no term in social science sufficient enough to describe it – argues Pia Kjærsgaard the Danish People’s Party former leader
In this article in Den Korte Avis, Kjærsgaard marvels at the fact that the politically correct are so desperate that they have graduated from using worn-out epiteths such as neo-fascists, ...
U.N. sending thousands of Muslims to America
The federal government is preparing for another “surge” in refugees and this time they won’t be coming illegally from Central America.
The U.S. State Department announced this week that the first major contingent of Syrian refugees, 9,000 of them, have been hand-selected by the United Nations for resettlement into communities across the United States.
The announcement came Tuesday on the State Department’s ...
Why You Should Watch Beheading Videos
Modernity is a dream. It is a dream that we can make the world something other than what it is through technology, prosperity, and above all “education.”
People will able to pick their own “gender.” Different cultures, races, and religions can blend into one seamless, corporate-friendly whole. And violence and death, it is implied, will be wished out of existence.
Today, a ...
|More News » |