Scientists discover second, secret DNA code
2013 12 13
Scientists have long believed that DNA tells the cells how to make proteins. But the discovery of a new, second DNA code Thursday suggests the body speaks two different languages.
The findings in the journal Science may have big implications for how medical experts use the genomes of patients to interpret and diagnose diseases, researchers said.
The newfound genetic code within deoxyribonucleic acid, the hereditary material that exists in nearly every cell of the body, was written right on top of the DNA code scientists had already cracked.
Rather than concerning itself with proteins, this one instructs the cells on how genes are controlled.
Its discovery means DNA changes, or mutations that come with age or in response to viruses, may be doing more than what scientists previously thought, he said.
"For over 40 years we have assumed that DNA changes affecting the genetic code solely impact how proteins are made," said lead author John Stamatoyannopoulos, University of Washington associate professor of genome sciences and of medicine.
"Now we know that this basic assumption about reading the human genome missed half of the picture," he said.
"Many DNA changes that appear to alter protein sequences may actually cause disease by disrupting gene control programs or even both mechanisms simultaneously."
Scientists already knew that the genetic code uses a 64-letter alphabet called codons.
But now researchers have figured out that some of these codons have two meanings.
Coined duons, these new elements of DNA language have one meaning related to protein sequence and another that is related to gene control.
The latter instructions "appear to stabilize certain beneficial features of proteins and how they are made," the study said.
The discovery was made as part of the international collaboration of research groups known as the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements Project, or ENCODE.
It is funded by the US National Human Genome Research Institute with the goal of finding out where and how the directions for biological functions are stored in the human genome.
Article from: uk.news.yahoo.com
Tune into Red Ice Radio:
Jeremy Narby - The Cosmic Serpent, DNA, Knowledge & Intelligence in Nature
Red Ice Radio - Bruce Lipton - The Biology of Belief
Lloyd Pye - Starchild Skull DNA, Disclosure & Directed Panspermia
Lloyd Pye - Extraction of Nuclear DNA from the Starchild Skull
Lloyd Pye - The Annunaki & Genetic Engineering
Lloyd Pye - Human Origins, The Intervention Theory & The Starchild Skull
Stephen Ruback - Beware: the Aquarian Age, The Masculine & The Feminine
Michael Dunning - The Sacred Yew Tree: The Embryonic Tree of Life & Yew Shamanism
Oldest-ever human DNA found in 400,000-year-old ‘Pit of Bones’ poses evolutionary mystery
The Government Plans To Track Us And Those We Are Related To Using Our DNA
A Message From Aliens in Our DNA?
Government Genome Project to Sequence DNA of All US Babies at Birth
Engineers Invent Programming Language to Build Synthetic DNA
Scientists find novel way to store data in DNA
Scientists create DNA tracking tags, might soon be used to track protesters
Dentist Seeks to Clone John Lennon with DNA from Tooth
UK Gov Backs IVF Technique That Uses DNA From Three People
U.S. Supreme Court rules human DNA cannot be patented (unless synthetic)
Brain Development Is Guided by Junk DNA that Isn’t Really Junk
Latest News from our Front Page
People are merging with machines
2014 10 20
Ian Burkhart concentrated hard. A thick cable protruded from the crown of his shaven head. A sleeve sprouting wires enveloped his right arm. The 23 - year-old had been paralysed from the neck down since a diving accident four years ago. But, in June this year, in a crowded room in the Wexner Medical Centre at Ohio State University, Burkhart’s ...
Illegal Aliens Cleared For U.S. Military Service
2014 10 18
The Pentagon announced a new policy allowing illegal immigrants the opportunity to enlist in the armed forces, Thursday.
USA Today reports that the new recruitment policies will focus on people with "high-demand skills" like foreign language acumen and health care training:
"For the first time, the program — known as Military Accessions in the National Interest, or MAVNI — will ...
Bronze Age Sundial-Moondial Discovered in Russia
2014 10 16
A strange slab of rock discovered in Russia more than 20 years ago appears to be a combination sundial and moondial from the Bronze Age, a new study finds.
The slab is marked with round divots arranged in a circle, and an astronomical analysis suggests that these markings coincide with heavenly events, including sunrises and moonrises.
The sundial might be "evidence of ...
Humans may only survive 68 days on Mars
2014 10 15
Space enthusiasts planning a move to Mars may have to wait to relocate: conditions on the Red Planet are such that humans would likely begin dying within 68 days, a new study says.
Oxygen levels would start to deplete after about two months and scientists said new technologies are required before humans can permanently settle on Mars, according to the study ...
Tom Sunic’s letter to the US Ambassador to Hungary
2014 10 14
October 11, 2014
Mr. André Goodfriend
Embassy of the United States of America
Szabadság tér 12
Dear Mr. Goodfriend,
As an American citizen I would hereby like to express my concern over the recent decision by the Hungarian government to ban the National Policy Institute (NPI) conference which had been scheduled to take place in Budapest from October 3 to October 5, 2014. ...
|More News » |