Grave Problem: Nothing Is Rotting in the State of Norway
By Ellen Emmerentze Jervell | The Wall Street Journal
Osloís funeral director has long wrestled with the particularly morbid job of dealing with Norwayís longtime insistence on "plastic graves." Now, she is using technology to fight back.
Shortly after World War II, Norwegians began a three-decade-long practice of wrapping their dead in plastic before laying them to rest in wooden caskets, believing the practice was more sanitary. Hundreds of thousands of burials later, gravediggers realized the airtight conditions kept the corpses from decomposing.
"The priest says íashes to ashes,í but we ainít got no ashes on the other end," Margaret Eckbo, Osloís director of funerals, said while walking around Grefsen cemetery on a hill overlooking the city.
"From ashes to plastic doesnít sound all that good," she said.
The presence of plastic-wrap graves doesnít bode well for a municipality where real estate is scarce and expensive. For centuries, Norwegiansóand others in Europeóhave reused graves after 20 years, so as to conserve land.
Norwegians get free cemetery plots when they die, but only for 20 years. After that, somebodyís got to pay rent to keep the plot and the headstone. Otherwise, the plot becomes available to bury somebody else. Old bones and casket parts are left there under new coffins with new inhabitants. But thereís a problem.
"The law tells us that if you open a grave from the period when they used plastic, youíre not allowed to reuse it," Ms. Eckbo said. The former city councilwoman used to take walks past neglected graves trying to think of a way to solve the problem.
Even if nobody was paying the rent, graves couldnít be recycled if they contained plastic-wrapped corpses. At first she favored expanding cemeteries, but that was an expensive and unpopular prospect. "Politicians arenít keen on giving up space where they could have built elderly homes or kindergartens, especially not to dead people."
Read the full article at: online.wsj.com
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