Secret Code: Music Score May Lead to Nazi Gold
2013 09 26
By Björn Hengst and Benjamin Dürr | Spiegel Online
After some initial digs, a Dutch filmmaker believes he may have found the site of buried Nazi treasure long rumored to exist. He was led to the Bavarian town of Mittenwald after cracking a code believed to be hidden in a music score.
Three attempts have been made in recent weeks to find buried Nazi treasure in the Bavarian town of Mittenwald, close to the Austrian border. Even though the holes in the ground have since been filled, the traces left by drills and blue markings are still visible below a thin layer of autumn leaves.
Authorities granted permission for the undertaking in "a bid for clarity," and before too long, the story was making headlines in local papers. "The Hunt for Nazi Gold," the Garmisch-Partenkirchner Tagblatt called it.
Residents’ reactions range from annoyed to amused. "I’ve never seen anything like it," says one. "I can’t wait to see what they find down there," says another.
Behind it all is 51-year-old Leon Giesen, a Dutch filmmaker and musician with a tantalizing theory. He is convinced that Nazi treasure is languishing below Mittenwald’s roads -- gold or diamonds, at the very least.
The whole idea of Nazi gold has long held a grip on the public imagination, and as a former Nazi stronghold, Bavaria provides fertile soil for many an aspiring Indiana Jones. In 1944, with the Allies and the Soviet Army threatening to advance, it was here that Heinrich Himmler, one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany, planned to build an Alpine Fortress -- a national redoubt where Nazi Germany would fight from until the end.
And that’s not all. In April 1945, the Wehrmacht armed forces and officials of the Reichsbank approved a plan to store at least part of the reserves of the German Reichsbank at Einsiedl, a small town on the southwest shore of Lake Walchen. Much of these assets were handed over to the Allies, but around 100 gold bars, sacks of dollars and Swiss francs and possibly even more hoards went missing.
’Like a Treasure Map’
Even though Giesen’s theory is an outlandish one by any standards, it has generated reams of publicity in his native Netherlands. It revolves around an annotated score of the "March Impromptu" by composer Gottfried Federlein.
Legend has it that in the final days of World War II, Adolf Hitler’s private secretary Martin Bormann scribbled letters, figures and runes on the score that form a code giving the coordinates of the hidden Nazi treasure.
Supposedly, a military chaplain was tasked with taking the score to someone in Munich. But it apparently never arrived, instead ending up decades later in the hands of Dutch journalist Karl Hammer Kaatee.
After spending years attempting to crack the code, he finally made the score public last December and was promptly deluged with e-mails and suggestions. Even though there is no proof that the document is genuine, it exerts a magic pull on many.
"It’s like a treasure map that can’t be deciphered," says Jürgen Proske, a local historian from Garmisch-Partenkirchen and a hobby archeologist who has located Wehrmacht paraphernalia and a wine cellar from 1940 in the mountains around Mittenwald and Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
The Mystery of Mittenwald
But filmmaker Giesen now believes he’s solved the mystery, maintaining that the line added to the score that reads "Wo Matthias die Saiten Streichelt" ("where Matthew plucks strings") is a reference to Mittenwald and its famous son Matthias Klotz, who founded the town’s violinmaking tradition.
Read the full article at: abcnews.go.com
Bank of England helped the Nazis to sell plundered gold
From: War History Online
The Bank of England has admitted its role in one of the most controversial episodes in its history – helping the Nazis sell gold plundered from Czechoslovakia months before the outbreak of the Second World War.
An official history, written in 1950 but posted online for the first time on Tuesday, detailed how the “Old Lady” transfered gold held in its vaults to the Germans despite the UK Government of the day placing a freeze on all Czech assets held in London.
In the history, the Bank of England insists its role in the episode was “widely misunderstood”, even though it “still rankled for some time”.
The Nazis invaded Czechoslovakia in September 1938. In March the following year, the Bank of International Settlements (BIS) asked the Bank of England to switch £5.6m-worth of gold from an account for the Czech national bank to one belonging to the Reichsbank.
Much of the gold – nearly 2,000 gold bars – was then “disposed” of in Belgium, Holland and London. The BIS was chaired at the time by Bank of England director, German Otto Niemeyer.
The UK central bank also sold gold for the Nazis in June 1939, without waiting for approval from Westminster.
The history reveals: “There was a further gold transaction on the 1st June 1939 when there were sales of gold (£440,000) and gold shipments to New York (£420,000) from the No.19 account of the BIS.
Read the full article at: warhistoryonline.com
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