New timeline for origin of ancient Egypt?
2013-09-11 0:00

By Rebecca Morelle | BBC World Service

A new timeline for the origin of ancient Egypt has been established by scientists.

A team from the UK found that the transformation from a land of disparate farmers into a state ruled by a king was more rapid than previously thought.

Using radiocarbon dating and computer models, they believe the civilisationís first ruler - King Aha - came to power in about 3100BC.

The research is published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society A.

Lead researcher Dr Michael Dee, from the Research Laboratory for Archaeology at the University of Oxford, said: "The formation of Egypt was unique in the ancient world. It was a territorial state; a state from which the moment it formed had established borders over a territory in much the same way we think of nations today.

"Trying to understand what happened in human history to lead people to establish this sort of polity we felt was a gap in understanding that needed to be filled."

First dynasty

Until now, the chronology of the earliest days of Egypt has been based on rough estimates.

With no written records from this very early period, a timeline has been based on the evolving styles of ceramics unearthed from human burial sites.

Now though, scientists have used radiocarbon dating of excavated hair, bones and plants, with established archaeological evidence and computer models to pinpoint when the ancient state came into existence.

Previous records suggested the pre-Dynastic period, a time when early groups began to settle along the Nile and farm the land, began in 4000BC. But the new analysis revealed this process started later, between 3700 or 3600BC.


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Tune into Red Ice Radio and hear guests speak on their research into the history and timelines of Egyptian civilization, and what it means to humanity:

Roundtable - Hour 1 - Manís Genesis & The Future Direction of Humanity

Robert Bauval - Black Genesis, The Ancient People of Nabta Playa & Mars Anomalies

Robert Bauval - Tutankhamunís DNA, Zahi Hawassí Chasing Mummies, The Enlightenment & Scottish Rite Freemasonry

Robert Bauval - The Master Game & Armageddon

Robert Bauval - Post-Revolution Egypt

Robert Schoch - Hour 1 - The Mystery of the Sphinx

Laird Scranton - The Science and Symbols of the Dogon & The Cosmological Plan

Laird Scranton - Hour 1 - The Velikovsky Heresies

John Anthony West & Laird Scranton - GŲbekli Tepe, Egypt & The Dogon

Egypt Roundtable - Hour 1 - Ancient Technologies & Khemitology

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