Britain’s prime minister has promised a referendum on whether the UK should stay in the European Union or leave if he wins the next election.
EU membership has sparked heated debate in the UK for four decades.
Now with the anti-EU party UKIP making headway David Cameron has promised a straight ‘in or out’ vote.
“Today, public disillusionment with the EU is at an all time high,” Cameron said. “There are several reasons for this. People feel that the EU is heading in a direction that they never signed up to. They resent the interference in our national life by what they see as unnecessary rules and regulation. And they wonder what the point of it all is. That is why I am in favour of a referendum. I believe in confronting this issue, shaping it, leading the debate – not simply hoping a difficult situation will go away.”
Personally, the prime minister wants to stay in after taking back some powers from Brussels – something other EU countries reject. The United States has said it wants Britain to remain a member with a ‘strong voice.’
“We would also have to think carefully too about the impact on our influence at the top table of international affairs. There is no doubt that we are more powerful in Washington, in Beijing, in Delhi, because we are a powerful player inside the European Union. That matters for British jobs, for British influence, for British security. It matters to our ability to get things done in the world.”
He went on: “I know that there will be those who will say that the vision I have outlined will be impossible to achieve; that if we are not comfortable being in the EU after 40 years we never will be. But I refuse to take such a defeatist attitude either for Britain or for Europe because with courage and conviction I believe we can deliver a more flexible, adaptable and open European Union.”
The deputy prime minister Nick Clegg attacked Cameron’s promise saying a refendum would undermine Britain’s fragile economic recovery.
The leader of the junior coalition partner, the Lib Dems, said years of uncertainty is not in the national interest.
Ukip’s Nigel Farage ridicules David Cameron’s EU referendum speech
TV crews and reporters from around Europe gather to watch one man’s reaction to another man’s speech – and don’t even have bacon rolls to sustain them
Last Friday morning, there had been bacon rolls, an enormous pile of them – Nigel Farage’s press officer gestured with his hand to show just how enormous – ready for the journalists who would assemble to watch the Ukip leader watch David Cameron’s long-trailed speech on Europe.
The prime minister, preoccupied with the hostage crisis in Algeria, was forced to postpone the speech, but not in time for Ukip to cancel breakfast at the European parliament’s HQ in London, where Farage has an office. "It was awful," said the aide. "I had to hand them out around the commission building."
After months of postponements and procrastinations from No 10 on the timing of the speech, Farage’s office weren’t about to be burned again. And so there was no hospitable snack for the reporters and camera crews who gathered before daybreak on Wednesday, poised to capture every sceptical twitch of the Ukip leader’s eyebrow as he followed the prime minister’s speech on TV.
Not that any enticements were needed. Into a small office at the Smith Square HQ – fittingly, the former offices of the Conservative party – were crammed, among others, two British TV news crews, two from Denmark, one from Norway and one from France. Dutch TV had pulled out only at the last minute. Was Farage such big news in mainland Europe? "Well, he’s the story of the day, isn’t he?" said the woman from Danish TV. "Where else would you want to be today?" They do like their political drama in Denmark.
Farage has been an MEP since 1999, but a certain ambivalence over his position, given his enthusiastic advocacy of Britain’s withdrawal, remains. "Piss off! Piss right off!" bellowed the press aide when reporters found a small EU flag in the room and proposed setting it next to Farage’s seat.
The flag was speedily removed from the room.
It was, by any measure, quite a day for Farage, who blustered into the room a few minutes before 8am, straight into a wall of Scandinavian cameras.
He told reporters about when he was first elected and was told that Ukip was "some sort of mad, weird little fringe. And here we are today with the prime minister, disingenuously perhaps, but at least discussing the exit door! I think that’s a tremendous achievement for us."
Well, yes: either that or Ukip was suddenly irrelevant as its core promise – that it was the only party offering British people the opportunity to seize back powers from Brussels – was obsolete. Nonsense, Farage said: now absolutely everybody else – the three main parties, "all the grandees, with their knighthoods" – were pro-Europe. Ukip was the only party still arguing for immediate withdrawal, on any terms.
"Here we go!" he boomed, pulling up a chair, in front of a pile of radio mics. "Gosh, it’s going to be very tough not to swear, isn’t it?"
Whatever his other talents, if you must spend 45 minutes watching a politician watch another politician read from a text that is already widely known, Farage is probably the politician you would want to be watching. The 48-year-old is blessed with a faintly camp exuberance which he was happy to deploy to its full while Cameron delivered his arguments.
The prime minister recalled how peace came about in Europe after the second world war "because of determined work over generations". "Ah! So nothing to do with Nato then, Dave! Hah!" Britain had the character of an island nation, said Cameron, forthright in defence of our sovereignty. "No we’re not! No we’re not!" Then, to the cameras: "This is the standup bit!"
"We should plan for the future ... once the difficulties in the eurozone have been overcome," said the prime minister. "Hah! Well you’ve got a long wait, to be honest!"
There were chesty smoker’s giggles, pantomimic eye rolls and, occasionally, a slow, sorrowful shake of the head, such as when Cameron advocated a "leaner, less bureaucratic union". Cameron mentioned Switzerland.
"We wouldn’t want to be like the Swiss, would we? That would be awful! We’d be rich!
"Well, there we are," Farage said as Cameron drew to a close, bouncing to his feet.
His verdict? What would it mean for other member states that weren’t in the eurozone, say, to pluck one at random, Denmark? Well, the main reason Europe was unlikely to give back powers to Britain was that most of the 10 others in the same position would want them back, too, said Farage. "I really do not believe that the central tenets of the EU are up for grabs."
With that he was off, for an interview with BBC news, followed by Sky News, BBC Radio Suffolk, German TV, Euronews, Channel 5, BBC Radio 4’s The World at One and al-Jazeera, all before lunch.
Cameron may have gambled that by claiming back the Eurosceptic ground he can consign Ukip to irrelevance, but, for one day at least, Farage was quite happy to be at the centre of Europe.
Your Smartphone Could be Tracking You Every 3 Minutes, Study Says 2015-04-01 2:24
Your apps want to know where you are
Smartphone apps regularly collect large amounts of data on usersâ€™ locations, sometimes as often as every three minutes, new research suggests.
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University conducted a study where they asked 23 people to use their Android smartphones normally, and tracked location data requests from each device with specially designed software, the Wall ...
Facebook accused of tracking all users even if they delete accounts, ask never to be followed 2015-04-01 2:14
A new report claims that Facebook secretly installs tracking cookies on usersâ€™ computers, allowing them to follow users around the internet even after theyâ€™ve left the website, deleted their account and requested to be no longer followed.
Academic researchers said that the report showed that the company was breaking European law with its tracking policies. The law requires that users are ...
'Gay cake' bakery discriminated against client over sexual orientation, court told 2015-04-01 2:37
David Scoffield QC, acting for the bakery, said if Leeâ€™s argument was right, a Muslim printer could not turn down a contract to print leaflets about the prophet Muhammad, an atheist could not turn down an order saying God made the world and a Roman Catholic printer could not decline making leaflets calling for the legalisation of abortion on demand.
Gay rights groups criticize Indiana religious liberties law 2015-04-01 0:10 Editor's note: Would it be ok if a court forced a bakery operated by homosexuals, to make a cake for a Christian that says: "Homosexuality is a sin"?
What would the reactions be? One way tolerance?
Respecting peoples beliefs extends in all directions or in no direction.
Indiana Gov. Mike Pence (R) signed a religious liberties bill into law Thursday that has been ...
Daily Show's Trevor Noah under fire for Twitter jokes about Jews and women 2015-04-01 0:01
Trevor Noah â€“ the surprise choice to succeed Jon Stewart as high-profile host of satirical news program The Daily Show â€“ has come under fire for a series of controversial tweets he posted before his appointment.
The South African comedian â€“ son of a Swiss-German father and half-Jewish South African mother â€“ was criticised for having made tasteless jokes about Jews ...