IBM has learned a rather strange lesson when it comes to teaching artificial intelligence (AI) enabled supercomputers to understand the subtlety of slangs used humans as it was recently revealed by Eric Brown that they had to develop a filter to keep Watson from swearing.
The head researcher at IBM had an idea of training Watson to understand natural language as he believed that ability to understand slangs would probably be an ultimate test that would ensure that Watson could understand the way real people communicate. To put this into practice Watson was made to learn the Urban Dictionary.
There was a slight problem though as the dictionary was made up of swear words along with nasty and dirty words which the Watson learned as well. The end result “Watson couldn’t distinguish between polite language and profanity -- which the Urban Dictionary is full of”, revealed Brown in an interview with Fortune Magazine.
“Watson picked up some bad habits from reading Wikipedia as well. In tests it even used the word "bullshit" in an answer to a researcher’s query”, he added.
To stop Watson from using the cuss words, Brown not only had to develop a filter that would stop the supercomputer from swearing but also had to scrape the entire Urban Dictionary from the computer’s memory.
We’re taught not to swear in several stages throughout life, especially as children. In a wide number of social and formal situations, using expletives can in fact land someone in quite a bit of trouble. But when we’re by ourselves and under stress, the ability to yelp out a forbidden word or two might be more therapeutic than it would seem on the surface. This idea is perhaps most prevalent in those instances where we stub a toe or otherwise accidentally hurt ourselves, one of the most popular instances in which people let loose with swear words. Drawing on this common occurrence, a team at Keele University in Blightly has performed a study, with interesting implications for the worlds of psychology and pain relief.
The study was a delicate operation –after all, asking participants to endure a bit of pain and then sound off with words they’ve been instructed not to utter in the presence of others is a lofty quest, even in the academic environment. But the study met this challenge with the use of icy water. Participants were asked to submerge their hands into the water, and some subjects were encouraged to let out any “bad words” that came to mind, while others were limited to saying something defined as non-offensive. The results proved interesting: those who swore reported less pain, and on average were able to endure submersion for forty seconds longer than their clean-mouthed counterparts.
While it isn’t exactly cause for replacing every other word with something deliciously uncouth, the study does suggest that allowing ourselves a greater range of speech in times of stress –which may include therapy sessions– may be helpful in allowing us to work past our basic sensory barriers.
Pope Francis named Time’s ‘Person of the Year 2013’ 2013 12 11
Pope Francis, the first Jesuit pontiff, elected nine months ago, was named Time magazine’s Person of the Year for 2013, leaving whistleblower Edward Snowden in second place, the magazine revealed on Wednesday.
The iconic title goes each year to the one chosen by prominent US magazine Time as the individual who had the most influence on the world and news over ...
Equal Opportunity Killing 2013 12 11 Nancy Pelosi called it the “selfie of the year": the group snapshot of the first four women to make it through Marine infantry training.
"Fearless," as Pelosi describes them. "Badasses," as onlookers have labeled them. Here is an acerbic quote from an article on Gawker:
These women have now definitively proven what fatuous Congressional oldsters for so long prevented other women from ...
(NOOOOOOOO!) JPMorgan files patent for Bitcoin-style payment system 2013 12 11
These guys never stop. I respect that about JP (in the way that I respect the Empire in Star Wars) and there is something to be said for an idea so disruptive that it attracts the sharks at JP.
But given this, if one doesn’t trust Bitcoin, don’t even consider trusting JPMorgan’s version of it.
(From The FT)
JPMorgan’s proposed system involves creating ...
New ‘Revelations’ on Kenya Mall Massacre: There were only FOUR shooters – who escaped alive 2013 12 11 21st Century Wire says…
From the onset, the Kenya Mall Massacre was riddled with odd circumstances and dramatised media coverage, so much so that it is very difficult not to skeptical about the official narrative of what happened, and who was involved. That narrative continues to unravel…
As 21Wire reported in late September, the attack which took place at the Westfields Shopping ...
Record outdoor radiation level that ‘can kill in 20 min’ detected at Fukushima 2013 12 11 Outdoor radiation levels have reached their highest at Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant,warns the operator company.Radiation found in an area near a steel pipe that connects reactor buildings could kill an exposed person in 20 minutes,local media reported.
The plant’s operator and the utility responsible for the clean-up Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) detected record radiation levels on a duct which connects ...