The mystery of the Piltdown man hoax may have finally been solved by scientists who have been re-examining the evidence.
It was a hoax that fooled some of the most eminent minds in the country and has remained unsolved for 100 years.
Now scientists believe they can finally put to rest the mystery of how one of the most famous scientific frauds in history was orchestrated and who was responsible for creating the fake remains of a human ancestor known as Piltdown man.
The bones, discovered in a gravel pit in Piltdown, East Sussex, in 1912 alongside animal fossils and stone tools, were celebrated as a missing link in the evolution between apes and humans that lived around 500,000 years ago.
It was nearly 50 years before it was exposed as a fake, while the perpetrators, and their motives, have remained unknown ever since.
However, archaeologists, palaeontologists and anthropologists are this week holding a special meeting at the Geological Society in London to discuss the results of the latest investigation into the hoax aimed at finally answering the outstanding questions.
They have subjected the bones and teeth to a series of sophisticated modern tests in an attempt to find their true origins.
Although some of the tests are still ongoing, the scientists believe they have gathered enough evidence to narrow down the list of more than 15 suspects accused of the fraud, among them Arthur Conan Doyle, the author, to one man – Charles Dawson, the amateur archaeologist and solicitor who first found the bones.
They believe he was driven by a desire to be accepted into the scientific establishment and planted remains from other archaeological sites from around the world at the Piltdown gravel pit.
Dr Miles Russell, an archaeologist at Bournemouth University who has just published a book called The Piltdown Man Hoax: Case Closed, will present evidence that Dawson had created as many as 38 fakes through his career as an amateur scientist.
He said: “It is quite clear that over his lifetime he fabricated 38 separate dubious finds all of which seem to have been intended to impress museum curators to get into different scientific societies.
“When you look at the finds, however, they seem to have happened within 15 miles of his house in East Sussex. In many cases material he found then went missing after he described it.”
In one early find, Dawson claimed to have found the remains of one of the earliest timber boats in the country, but shortly after his discovery, it mysteriously went missing.
A tooth that Dawson also hailed as a missing link between reptiles and mammals appears to have been altered with a metal file.
He also claimed to have found a rare Roman tile, but dating has shown it would have been newly made at around the time Dawson found it rather than 2,000 years old.
The Piltdown man discovery was first announced to the world at a packed meeting at the Geological Society on 18 December 1912. Claimed as a missing link in the evolution between apes and modern humans, it caused a sensation.
Dawson, from Lewes, East Sussex, claimed he had found a thick human like skull in gravel beds a Piltdown and worked with Arthur Smith Woodward, the keeper of geology at the Natural History Museum, on the find.
Together they unearthed a series of skull fragments, a jawbone with two teeth, animal fossils and some primitive stone tools.
The pair named their new human species Eoanthropus dawsoni, or Dawson’s Dawn Man. Although some scientists questioned the discovery, many others backed the find.
Dawson died in 1916 from septicaemia and the fossils were locked away, meaning the find was never independently scrutinised.
In 1949, however, two scientists at Oxford University gained access to the Piltdown fossils to carry out more stringent tests.
They discovered that while the cranium was from a human that was probably only 50,000 years old, the jaw was from an orang-utan.
The teeth had also been filed down while all of the bones had been stained to match the colour of the gravel they were found in.
Among the suspects accused of being behind the fake were Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes, who lived near the site and was said to have planted the material to discredit the science of evolution that he opposed as a spiritualist.
No Bank Deposits Will Be Spared from Confiscation 2013 05 18
As alert Zero Hedge readers are aware, this week the EURO Politburo is busy debating the dodgy subject of deposit "bail-ins."
The following article very succinctly explains this odious mode of fractal fractional reserve end-game chicanery.
The author encourages all of you to share it with others.
NO BANK DEPOSITS WILL BE SPARED FROM CONFISCATION
By Matthias Chang Esq, futurefastforward.com (with author’s permission)
I challenge ...
Military Says No Presidential Authorization Needed To Quell “Civil Disturbances” 2013 05 17 A recent Department of Defense instruction alters the US code applying to the military’s involvement in domestic law enforcement by allowing US troops to quell “civil disturbances” domestically without any Presidential authorization, greasing the skids for a de facto military coup in America along with the wholesale abolition of Posse Comitatus.
The instruction (embedded at the end of this article), which ...
Ancient Maya Pyramid Destroyed in Belize 2013 05 17 An archaeological group says it plans to take legal action.
Despite its small size, the Caribbean country of Belize is known for a few outstanding characteristics: a spectacular barrier reef, a teeming rain forest, and extensive Maya ruins.
It now has one fewer of those ruins.
A construction company in Belize has been scooping stone out of the major pyramid at the site ...
Ginger: A Warming Herb 2013 05 17
Ginger is an Asian herb that is particularly well known to us in the West. Over time, and with trial and error, its stimulating properties and piquant flavor have been integrated into both our herbal “materia medica” and cuisine.
Brewed as an herbal tea, ginger root is particularly helpful for those people who have underactive stomachs and difficulty producing adequate amounts ...
Australian man dead for 40 minutes revived with new CPR machine 2013 05 17 In an Australian first, doctors have used a new resuscitation technique to revive three patients who were clinically dead for up to an hour.
One of the lucky survivors was Colin Fiedler, 49, who was pronounced dead at The Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, after suffering a heart attack, The Herald Sun reported.
Doctors brought Fieldler back to life using a U.S.-made ...