íBritainís Atlantisí found at bottom of North sea - a huge undersea world
2012-07-04 0:00

From: DailyMail.co.uk

ĎBritainís Atlantisí Ė a hidden underwater world swallowed by the North Sea Ė has been discovered by divers working with science teams from the University of St Andrews.

Doggerland, a huge area of dry land that stretched from Scotland to Denmark was slowly submerged by water between 18,000 BC and 5,500 BC.

Divers from oil companies have found remains of a Ďdrowned worldí with a population of tens of thousands Ė which might once have been the Ďreal heartlandí of Europe.

The research suggests that the populations of these drowned lands could have been tens of thousands, living in an area that stretched from Northern Scotland across to Denmark and down the English Channel as far as the Channel Islands.

The area was once the Ďreal heartlandí of Europe and was hit by Ďa devastating tsunami.í

Divers from St Andrews University, find remains of Doggerland, the underwater country dubbed íBritainís Atlantisí

Organised by Dr Richard Bates of the Department of Earth Sciences at St Andrews, the Drowned Landscapes exhibit reveals the human story behind Doggerland, a now submerged area of the North Sea that was once larger than many modern European countries.

Dr Bates, a geophysicist, said: ĎDoggerland was the real heartland of Europe until sea levels rose to give us the UK coastline of today.

ĎWe have speculated for years on the lost landís existence from bones dredged by fishermen all over the North Sea, but itís only since working with oil companies in the last few years that we have been able to re-create what this lost land looked like.

ĎWhen the data was first being processed, I thought it unlikely to give us any useful information, however as more area was covered it revealed a vast and complex landscape.

ĎWe have now been able to model its flora and fauna, build up a picture of the ancient people that lived there and begin to understand some of the dramatic events that subsequently changed the land, including the sea rising and a devastating tsunami.í

A Greater Britain: How the North Sea grew and the land-mass shrunk

Drowned world: Scans show a mound discovered under the water near Orkney, which has been explored by divers

A visualisation of how life in the now-submerged areas of Dogger Bank might have looked

The research project is a collaboration between St Andrews and the Universities of Aberdeen, Birmingham, Dundee and Wales Trinity St David.

Rediscovering the land through pioneering scientific research, the research reveals a story of a dramatic past that featured massive climate change. The public exhibit brings back to life the Mesolithic populations of Doggerland through artefacts discovered deep within the sea bed.

The research, a result of a painstaking 15 years of fieldwork around the murky waters of the UK, is one of the highlights of the London event.

The interactive display examines the lost landscape of Doggerland and includes artefacts from various times represented by the exhibit Ė from pieces of flint used by humans as tools to the animals that also inhabited these lands.

Using a combination of geophysical modelling of data obtained from oil and gas companies and direct evidence from material recovered from the seafloor, the research team was able to build up a reconstruction of the lost land.

The findings suggest a picture of a land with hills and valleys, large swamps and lakes with major rivers dissecting a convoluted coastline.

As the sea rose the hills would have become an isolated archipelago of low islands. By examining the fossil record Ė such as pollen grains, microfauna and macrofauna Ė the researchers can tell what kind of vegetation grew in Doggerland and what animals roamed there.

Using this information, they were able to build up a model of the Ďcarrying capacityí of the land and work out roughly how many humans could have lived there.

The research team is currently investigating more evidence of human behaviour, including possible human burial sites, intriguing standing stones and a mass mammoth grave.

Dr Bates added: ĎWe havenít found an Ďx marks the spotí or ĎJoe created thisí, but we have found many artefacts and submerged features that are very difficult to explain by natural causes, such as mounds surrounded by ditches and fossilised tree stumps on the seafloor.

ĎThere is actually very little evidence left because much of it has eroded underwater; itís like trying to find just part of a needle within a haystack. What we have found though is a remarkable amount of evidence and we are now able to pinpoint the best places to find preserved signs of life.í

Life in íDoggerlandí - the ancient kingdom once stretched from Scotland to Denmark and has been described as the íreal heart of Europeí

Drowned Landscapes is on display at The Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition 2012 from July 3-8 at the Royal Society in London.

Article from: updatednews.ca

All images from: DailyMail.co.uk

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