New Form of Matter Discovered, Part Laser, Part Superconductor
2007-10-09 0:00

By Lucian Dorneanu | news.softpedia.com


This image shows a rotating superfluid made up of fermionic atoms. Credits: Andre Schirotzek, MIT
A group of researchers have recently announced the creation of a completely new state of matter that combines the characteristics of lasers with those of the world’s best electrical conductors.

They successfully demonstrated the existence of the phase, besides the previously known ones: solids, liquids, gases, plasmas, superfluids, supersolids, Bose-Einstein condensates, fermionic condensates, liquid crystals, strange matter and quark-gluon plasmas.

David Snoke, an associate professor in the physics and astronomy department in the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Arts and Sciences explained that the new state is a solid filled with a collection of energy particles known as polaritons that have been trapped and slowed. The new material could provide new ways of moving energy from one point to another as well as a low-energy means of producing a light beam like that from a laser, thanks to its joint properties.

The Pitts researchers have been working on a project to create materials which mix the characteristics of superconductors and lasers and have successfully captured the polaritons in the form of a superfluid, using optical nanostructures, thus resulting a form of matter called a polariton superfluid, in which the wave behavior produces a pure light beam similar to that from a laser but is much more energy efficient.

Unlike existent superconductors and superfluids, which need a constant temperature between -280 F and -450 F (-173 C to -268 C), the new polariton superfluid demonstrates an increased stability at higher temperatures, and could even, with future improvements, exist at room temperatures.

To create this new state of matter, the scientists used a technique similar to that used for superfluids made of atoms in the gaseous state known as the Bose-Einstein condensate.

High-temperature superconductivity is not fully understood, but the new material opens up opportunities to study the microscopic mechanisms behind this phenomenon.

Future practical applications could be revolutionary, allowing the creation of new ways of trapping and manipulating the energy particles, and of achieving a controlled transfer of optical signals through solid matter.

Article from: http://news.softpedia.com/news/New-Form-of-Matter-
Discovered-Part-Laser-Part-Superconductor-55150.shtml



Related Articles
Astronomers shed light on mystery of 'dark matter'
The Primacy of Consciousness
Still Chasing the Ghosts of ‘Dark Matter’ and ‘Dark Energy’
Astronomers find the gate into parallel worlds
Breaking Through Conventional Scientific Paradigm
Polariton
Spiritual Science - DNA is influenced by Words and Frequencies
Superconductor research points towards feasible electric airplanes


Latest News from our Front Page

Pressure from the United Patriots Front Stops Mosque Plan
2016-04-28 20:10
Pressure from the United Patriots Front appears to have killed off a mosque development in Narre Warren North. The City of Casey council now looks likely to withhold planning approval for the development in a special meeting set for Tuesday night. A council report, to be considered by councillors on Tuesday, recommends that the approval be blocked. The mosque opponents’ cause has been helped by councillor ...
Police face questions over the influence of the Freemasons
2016-04-28 20:48
South Yorkshire Police today face questions over whether powerful 'secret society' the Freemasons held sway over the force at the time of Hillsborough. Families of victims say that officers who were Masons were promoted into powerful positions despite being ill-equipped, including match commander David Duckenfield. Duckenfield told the fresh inquests he had been a Freemason since 1975 and became head of his ...
England Bans its Own Flag to Avoid Offending Muslims
2016-04-27 2:23
St. George's Cross "racist" towards immigrants Government officials said their city was ‘too multicultural’ to celebrate St George’s Day, England’s version of the 4th of July. The council said that displaying the English flag may have been seen as “racist” towards immigrants.
Half of Western European men descended from one Bronze Age ‘king’
2016-04-27 2:09
Half of Western European men are descended from one Bronze Age ‘king’ who sired a dynasty of elite nobles which spread throughout Europe, a new study has shown. The monarch, who lived around 4,000 years ago, is likely to have been one of the earliest chieftains to take power in the continent. He was part of a new order which emerged in ...
"Local Residents" Are Filmed Stealing Dozens of Bottles of Water at London Marathon Stop
2016-04-25 23:10
Editor's Comment: "Local" residents? Why bother blurring their faces? We know who they are. ... London marathon runners were robbed of dozens of bottled waters when thieves raided a refreshment area armed with trolleys during today's race. Nearby residents - including parents with children - were captured on camera piling up crates of free water handed out by volunteers during the 26-mile event. Marathon ...
More News »