By Martha Mendoza | YahooNews.com
The Mexican government warned its citizens Tuesday to use extreme caution if visiting Arizona because of a tough new law that requires all immigrants and visitors to carry U.S.-issued documents or risk arrest.
President Barack Obama also criticized the law, saying it could lead to harassment of Hispanics, and he called for bipartisan support to fix Americaís broken immigration system. Two senior officials in his government said the Arizona law may face a legal challenge by federal authorities.
"Now suddenly if you donít have your papers, and you took your kid out to get ice cream, youíre going to get harassed ó thatís something that could potentially happen," the U.S. president said of the measure. "Thatís not the right way to go."
Arizonaís law ó slated to take effect in late July or early August ó makes it a state crime to be in the U.S. illegally and allows police to question anyone they suspect of being an illegal immigrant. Lawmakers said the legislation, which has sparked huge protests and litigation, was needed because the Obama administration is failing to enforce existing federal laws.
Mexicoís Foreign Ministry issued a travel alert for Arizona after the law was signed, warning that its passage shows "an adverse political atmosphere for migrant communities and for all Mexican visitors."
The alert said that once the law takes effect, foreigners can be questioned at any moment and detained if they fail to carry immigration documents. And it warns that the law will also make it illegal to hire or be hired from a vehicle stopped on the street.
A Mexican government-affiliated agency that supports Mexicans living and working in the United States called for boycotts of Tempe, Ariz.-based US Airways, the Arizona Diamondbacks and the Phoenix Suns until those organizations rebuke the law.
"We are making a strong call to the Arizona government to retract this regressive and racist law thatís impacting not only residents of Arizona, but people in all 50 states and in Mexico as well," said Raul Murillo, who works with the Institute for Mexicans Abroad, an autonomous agency of Mexicoís Foreign Ministry.
US Airways spokesman Jim Olson said "we have had absolutely no customers who have canceled flights" as a result of the controversy. Calls to the Diamondbacks and the Suns were not immediately returned.
In Washington, Attorney General Eric Holder and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano criticized the law, with Holder saying the federal government may challenge it.
A number of options are under consideration, including "the possibility of a court challenge," Holder said.
A citizen effort to repeal the law also is expected. Jon Garrido, who produces a Hispanic website and ran unsuccessfully last year for the Phoenix City Council, said he plans to begin gathering signatures next week to get a repeal referendum on the November ballot. If successful, the effort would block the law from taking effect until the vote.
Obama said Tuesday that "poorly conceived" measures such as Arizonaís can be halted if the federal government fixes the U.S. immigration system for good.
Obama pledged to bring his own party along, pleading with Republicans to join in as the only realistic hope to solve a politically volatile problem and get an immigration deal done.
"I will bring the majority of Democrats to the table in getting this done," Obama said in response to a question at a town hall in south-central Iowa. "But Iíve got to have some help from the other side."
U.S. politicians also weighed in on the growing controversy, with election season looming.
In California, Meg Whitman, the Republican front-runner in the California gubernatorial primary, said Arizona is taking the wrong approach.
"I think thereís just better ways to solve this problem," Whitman said in a telephone interview with The Associated Press.
California state Sen. President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg said the law attempts to legalize racial profiling and called on Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger to review the stateís contracts with Arizona and cancel them if legally possible.
Schwarzenegger has not yet replied, but told reporters that immigration matters are the responsibility of the federal government.
Arizona Sen. John McCain, seeking re-election, told CBSís "The Early Show" that his state needed such a law because the Obama administration has failed to secure the borders, resulting in drugs pouring into the southwestern United States from Mexico.
Each day, more than 65,000 Mexican residents are in Arizona to work, visit friends and relatives and shop, according to a University of Arizona study sponsored by the Arizona Office of Tourism. While there, the Mexican visitors spend more than $7.35 million daily in Arizonaís stores, restaurants, hotels and other businesses, the researchers found.
Bimbo Bakeries, one of many Mexican companies operating in Arizona, said Tuesday it doesnít expect Arizonaís new immigration law to affect its employees.
"We carefully screen all associates to ensure they are authorized to work in the United States," Bimbo spokesman David Margulies said.
At the Mexico City airport Tuesday, Mexicans heading for the U.S. said they were very troubled by the new law.
"Itís humiliating," said Modesto Perez, who lives in Illinois. "Itís really ugly."
Article from: news.yahoo.com
Video from: YouTube.com